Introduction to Solar Cooking
What is Solar Cooking?
It is a method of cooking using solar energy.
Some type of “solar cooker” is used to transform the energy of the sunlight into heat that is used to cook the food.
How does it work?
The Sun’s rays penetrates through the clear plastic wrap, and then are converted to heat energy, which is then transferred to the food.
The aluminum-covered lid is especially helpful to reflect the rays to the food.
- And the box container helps to preserve the heat energy around the food.
- Basically, the sunlight acts as a fuel to provide heat to cook the food.
Benefits of Solar Cooking
Solar cooking does not require any fuel cost and therefore are especially valuable to families in developing countries, since they do not have enough money to buy fuels.
Also, solar cooking is beneficial for environment, as it does not cause any air pollution, which is a problem facing all over the world. Furthermore, it also leads to reduced deforestation and desertification because the families in developing countries no longer have to cut trees for fuel.
Solar Cooking is also a great alternative for outdoor cooking. If you plan to go camping outside, try solar cooking.
How to Make a Solar Cooker
- Cardboard Box w/ Attached Lid
- Box Knife/Scissors
- Aluminum Foil
- Plastic Wrap
- Black Paper
- Use a box knife or sharp scissors to cut a flap on the lid. Cut along the three sides, leaving about an inch from the edges of the lid. Fold this flap out, so that it stands up.
- Tightly wrap the aluminum foil around the inner side of the flap and tape it to the back in order to cover the inner flap.
- Open the box and tape a double layer of plastic wrap over the opening you made. Make sure to tape down each side securely, sealing out the air.
- Line the inside of the box with black paper, preferably construction paper.Set the oven in the direct sun. (The best time for solar cooking is from 11AM - 3PM.)
- Open the flap and place the stick between the flap and the edge of box to keep it stay open.
- Place the food you want to cook inside the box.
(Instructions adapted from Home Science Tools)