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Reflective material

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Last updated: June 17, 2014      
Aluminum foil

Standard kitchen aluminum foil works very well for solar cooking reflectors. The most common reflective material used in homemade solar cookers is plain aluminum foil. This can be glued very well with white glue or wheat paste.

Windshield shade

A simple windshield shade can be used as a reflector.

Solar cooker experimenters in Kenya, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Peru and Bolivia have all found that gift wrap can be found easily that can be used for making reflective surfaces for solar cookers. Glues made from flour and water or "wheat paste" work well enough to hold the gift wrap onto the CooKit. The gift wrap is like a mirror on one side (the aluminum) and a color on the other side. You might find that just shopping for shiny gift wrap is the most practical solution.

Aluminum can reflector1

A funnel cooker made out of wood, using old beer and drink cans (cut open, flattened and then stapled to the wood) as reflectors

It appears that polyester products are not suitable for lining the inside of a solar box cooker, because of the danger that at the temperatures inside the box-type cooker, the polyester would melt or at least give off foul smelling foods. This problem may not necessarily show up the first time one uses a cooker made with these materials--that it may show up after five or ten or twenty uses.

Therefore, it is recommended that the polyester or gift wrap material only be used for solar panel cookers where the cooking food is contained within a separate enclosure, or for the reflectors on box cookers that are outside the box.

Ravindra Pardeshi writes:

Also note that most metals cannot be polished enough to be reflective enough for solar cooking. One exception is anodized aluminum. Metallic paints usually do NOT reflect well enough. We polish the assembled cooker of sheets. We do the polishing in two ways:

  1. Professional buffing service
  2. On our own. This is very crude way but works. First we polish the surface with fine cloth and fine tooth powder and then with one localy found polishing liquid. Results are quite satisfying. For repolishing we use liquid polish only.

Recent news and developmentsEdit

Reflective material possibilitiesEdit

Here is a comprehensive list of various inexpensive reflective materials that are available for solar cooker construction. Table of Reflector Materials

Stephen and Sheila Harrigan of Solar Clutch, report from Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, where they promote solar cooking, that common solar panel cooker construction materials have always been difficult to obtain. The widely used CooKit has traditionally been made from cardboard, though recent versions are being made from fluteboard, such as the Poly Furnace CooKit variation. These updated cookers last far longer than the cardboard versions, which are considered to be successful if they last six months. For them however, the major problem with providing inexpensive yet durable cookers is the availability of construction materials. Cardboard is scarce, and when it is commercially available, the quality if often poor, or the product arrives torn. Aluminum foil and glue can also be difficult to find. Stephen began looking more closely at what was available locally, and hit upon a product referred to as 'cool roofing'.

Cool roofing is a zinc galvanized metal material, which is fairly reflective. Besides shedding water, it is also intended to reflect the hot sun from the roofs of local homes. And because of its availability, the material cost for cookers is competitive with cardboard. A CooKit can be constructed for about $6USD worth of the metal roofing. It can be cut with tin snips, and bends are made by folding the metal around a straight board. The metal CooKit has performed well, if not quite as well as the mylar covered fluteboard version, and its weight would help in windy conditions. Because the material is easily available, and can be made with existing worker skills, local manufacturing of solar cookers offers the possibility for a community business enterprise. Disadvantages include the inability to fold the cooker for storage, and transporting completed cookers will take considerable space and will be relatively heavy. The cooker edges need to be dulled or protected, as the cut metal edge is quite sharp. As solar cookers are more widely promoted and accepted, the durability of inexpensive solar cookers becomes a significant issue to be addressed. The question raised will be, is it better to offer a cooker that can be made locally, or find a way to finance the availability of cookers that are made at a more sophisticated facility, losing the empowering aspect of neighborhood manufacturing?

Use the foil from cigarette packagesEdit

Most cigarette packages have a inner foil liner. Collect these and use them in a patchwork fashion to create a reflective surface.

Mirrors made from decal/stickers Edit

Chrome mirror sign vinyl is excellent for most solar cooking applications where the material itself is not touch the hottest part. It is made to be used on business signs and is designed to stand up to many trips to the car wash. This material can turn nearly anything into a powerful mirror. You can find it on the internet. You must use phrases like "Chrome mirror sign vinyl", or, ""Mirror sign vinyl, or Gold sign vinyl. This material is available in a self-adhesive roll. You can find short rolls or long and wide rolls. The rolls start at inchers in width to feet in width. Apply it with soapy water in the same way as window tint. After some exposure to warmth, the soap vanishes and your mirrors will stick for years. Keep them shiny with wax, oil, Scott's liquid gold, experiment with it.

A flexible cutting board could make a good mirror. When finished cutting the underside of the cutting board may have a mirror on it to help cook the food you cut up.

Think of the many shapes we have availble. Now you can turn junk into ovens and dish cookers. Here are some things I know would make terrific ovens and parabolic, and parabolic hybrids. A thermal parabolic hybrid oven will acheive temperatures hotter than needed for normal cooking, when combine with thermal cookware it is nearly dangerous.

It is dangerous. Be careful. It will take some time to adapt to your new abilities. A thermal griddle may be a griddle with ceramic tile in a sandwich of steel or aluminum. ALUMINUM COOKWARE WARNING: See: Aluminum Oxide poisoning. Aluminum loses heat so quickly too. I want my food cooked with glass and ceramic and steel. Matt West

Rescue blankets (Mylar)Edit

Rescue blankets (or space blankets) consist of a thin plastic foil (often polyethylene terephthalate, PET) and a thin layer of aluminium (cf. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Space_blanket). The silver side is the aluminium side, while the gold color on the reverse side comes from a translucent yellow tint of the plastic in combination with the front aluminium layer.

Such material is similar in cost as aluminium foil or self-adhesive vinyl stickers, large formats are common (e.g. 160 by 210 cm), and the material is indended for outdoor use. Relflective accuracy is mirror-like, in contrast to aluminium foil which has fine directional grooves in the surface from production and thus reflection artefacts. Although as with self-adhesive mirror foil, the material should not be used for the hottest part of the oven, i.e. where in contact with pot or glazing. Melting point of PET is around 260°C (500°F). Polyester reflective materials should be used only where the cooking food is contained within a separate enclosure, such as a solar panel cooker, an not for the interior reflective surfaces of a solar box cooker.

Using the foil on the inside of Tetra Pak juice boxesEdit

KenyaEdit

Solar Cookers International East Africa Office recycles waste from Tetra Pak materials. This is a packaging making industry and sometimes they have waste which they have already prepared, this then we use as our foil. When this is not available they buy from another packaging industry called Pressmasters Ltd. Here are their coordinates: Pressmasters Ltd.
P.O. Box 17560 - 00500
Nairobi
Kenya Fax: +254 20 823044
Tel: +254 20 820253,820254
Mobile +254 722514623 / 733743783 pressmas@africaonline.co.ke

http://www.pressmasterkenya.com

ZambiaEdit

Solar Health and Education Project (SHEP) has developed a relationship with Tetra Pak International — manufacturer of aseptic drink containers — whereby SHEP uses Tetra Pak’s excess foil-lined paper for solar cooker construction. (The foil-lined paper is printed in wide rolls, sometimes resulting in excess material begin generated.) According to SHEP, Tetra Pak is willing to accept proposals from other nongovernmental organizations that may want to use the reflective material as long as the material will be used for workshop participants to construct solar cookers.

Parabolic disk foiled with reflective tapeEdit

DirectTV

This photo shows how to use a Direct TV antenna as a solar cooker using reflective tape applied in strips. Photo sent by Ranyere Bezerra.

IMG 3405

Reflective tape can be used to foil parabolic reflectors.

Lithograph printing platesEdit

Looking for inexpensive, recycled reflective material for solar cookers? Here’s a tip from the SunStove Organization of South Africa: "Lithograph printing plates are available in every country at the government printing office, the local printer or the local newspaper. Used printing plates are sold as scrap." This scrap may be sold for the equivalent of US $1.25 per kilogram. Before using the plates in solar cookers, clean with paint thinner and water.

CDsEdit

ReflecTech Mirror FilmEdit

A U.S. government-funded Small Business Innovation grant led to the development of ReflecTech, an unbreakable, durable, light-weight, scratch-proof, low-cost, self-adhesive, glass-free, reflective film. ReflecTech is used for the parabolic mirrors used in the solar concentrating power generation plants that are being erected in desert locations from California to the Sahara. The U.S. Department of Energy’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory has tested the latest version of this film and found it to be weatherable for over thirty years. Flexible, stick-on sheets of this mirror film could provide extremely durable, but very lightweight reflectors for solar panel, box and parabolic cookers. The silvered polymer used for ReflecTech film is guaranteed to match or exceed the structural properties of glass mirrors, at lower cost and with proven durability. For more details see the ReflecTech brochure

As of 2013, it appears the material is available directly from the company. The minimum order is 150 sq. ft. at $3USD/sq. ft.

See alsoEdit

Using a white color instead of reflective sheetEdit

Kyoto box

The updated Kyoto Box cooker uses a white surface instead of a reflective surface.

See Topic needing research

External linksEdit

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