News and recent developmentsEdit
- April 2015: AFRES moves forward with solar cooking initiative - According to Joseph Odey, Chairman of the Association for the Reduction of Carbon Emission, the initiative is being sponsored at present by the Global Environmental Facility Small Grant Programme, GEF-SGP under the support of UNDP to provide alternative energy source for use in place of firewood in New Bussa community of Niger State. Under the first phase of the project, 50 youths were trained in building solar cookers. Some members of the communities who took part in a demonstration on how the solar cooker works in Tungan Ibrahim, Salamatu Maigari and Salamatu Sale, said using the solar cooker was faster and better than using firewood. Read more... - allAfrica
- February 2013: Joseph Odey, Director of the Association for the Reduction of Carbon Emission, wishes other promoters of solar cooking to please contact him to provide assistance in reaching governmental entities and procuring supplies for solar cookers and demonstrations in the state of Kano, Nigeria.The Association’s solar cooker project started in 2000, with a mandate to create awareness in Nigeria’s six geopolitical zones and thirty-six states. So far the project has taught 8,000 students in twenty-five schools the art of solar cooking. The goal is to reach 100% of schools.
- June 2010: Prof.Rose Achunine recently meet with students of the Department of physics and Industrial Physics at Evan Enwerem University in Owerri, Nigeria. The students have designed their own versions of parabolic solar cookers and solar box cookers. They wish to optimize and standardize their designs to make the cookers more efficient and reliable for use by rural dwellers and refugees, as well as urban dwellers. They will continue their efforts with this village to provide workshops to provide training for the local residents.
- May 2010 The Jos zonal director of the National environmental Standard Regulation Agency (NESREA), Mr. Samuel Bagudu Joshua, has disclosed that desert is encroaching by 0.6 kilometre per annum in the country. NESREA was established by the Federal Government of Nigeria as a parastatal of the Federal Ministry of Environment, Housing and Urban Development. Joshua made the disclosure while speaking to LEADERSHIP shortly after a two-day stakeholders review of the 13 NESREA draft regulation in Jos, Plateau State capital at the weekend. According to him, desert encroachment has to do with the anthropogenic activities of man, stressing that deforestation, bush burning are activities that aggravate gully erosion in our environment. He noted that it has been proved scientifically that the desert is encroaching from the Northern parts to other part, of the country, adding that with this development, there is great danger looming. Joshua also pointed out that it is the responsibility of every Nigerian to engage in practices that will mitigate or slow down the rate of desertification so as to protect our environment. The NESREA boss observed that his agency is coming up with alternative technology like the solar stove, wood and saw dust burning stove and other initiatives as alternatives to the people, saying, "You can not tell somebody not to use the fuel wood without giving him alternative solution." He then advised Nigerians that if they must cut down a tree, they must also plant ten trees and nurture them to maturity, adding that tree serves as shelter belt, wind brake which in-turn beautify our environment. He stressed that the mandate of NESREA includes carrying out enforcement of government policies and things that will ensure healthier environment in the country.
- March 9, 2010: Commonwealth Youth Conversation Commemorating the 2010 Commonwealth Day celebration on the theme ‘Science, Technology and Society'. This Year’s theme ‘Science, Technology and Society’ focuses on providing quality education on the role of science and technology on youth and societal development across the commonwealth. Noticing solar cooking's active contributions to youth development, they are hereby invited to participate in the Commonwealth Day Celebration featuring Youth Roundtable Dialogue with Policy Makers, Special Awards, Mock Head of Government meeting (CHOGM)/Debate for students on the theme. To be held at 8:30am in Banquet Hall 2 of the Agura Hotel in Abuja.
The history of solar cooking in NigeriaEdit
This giant African country has a wide range of individual and group supporters of solar cooking. The country was a 1992 stop on a solar promotion tour conducted by Dr. Robert Metcalf, an SCI founder, in which he provided demonstrations in a number of African nations. One organization with which he worked is, as example, the Nigerian Society for the Improvement of Rural People. Its leader,Chris Ugwa, reports that around 50 families are regularly using solar cookers to pasteurize water and to cook food. They continue to train household cooks and are aiming to reach 100 new families per year.
Another Nigerian, Lydia Gordon Nkan of the Environmental Education Institution reports that her group has^ taught hundreds of students to make and use solar cookers. Her work was principally in primary and secondary schools, with an ambitious goal of seeing that every household in the country would in coming years be using solar cooking methods. The problem in much of Africa, and true in this case, is the lack of financing for costs like publicity on radio and television, which would create broad awareness and demand. For the poorest part of the population, the cost of even the least expensive cooker is a major hurdle, also true in many other developing nations.
A number of universities in Nigeria have promoted the technology, as has the Solar Energy Association of Nigeria. Rotary Clubs in the country also have plans to work through the partnering activities of Rotary International to start a large project that could eventually cover a substantial proportion of the country. This project which requires resources of time and money from the local clubs has not yet come to be a reality, but remains on the drawing boards for the future.
In the mid 1990s, a foreign oil company working in Nigeria made an attempt to introduce solar cookers in the communities they were working in. After several years of effort, they conducted an evaluation that did not yield positive results. For the most part, cookers had not been used nor found useful by villagers. It appeared from the evaluation document that relatively little attention had been paid to appropriate training and follow up assistance to new users, a common pattern which is almost certain to lead to less than hoped for results.
In many ways, however, Nigeria - in at least major parts of its territory - is well suited for solar cooking. An excellent array of supporters exists in the country, many with small scale but persistent programs under way across the cbuntry. Nigeria appears to be an excellent candidate for more concentrated promotion.
Carole St. Laurent writes:
rich source of information, inspiration, and lessons learned from other projects. Several Nigerian citizens and organizations are already using and promoting solar cooking, but the untapped potential for greater adoption of solar cooking in Nigeria is tremendous. Where solar cooking is currently researched and practiced, it is done so in isolation, as there seems to be no networks or knowledge-sharing opportunities for Nigerian solar cookers. Greater collaboration would increase the impact and effectiveness of solar cooking efforts in Nigeria. The sharing of solar cooking successes, outreach programs, training materials, and mutual encouragement are important ways to accelerate the adoption of solar cooking in Nigeria.
[Solar cooking promoter] Pastor Caleb attributes the poor adoption rates to the required lifestyle changes to use solar cookers, inconvenience due to slower cooking times, and lack of promotion. Therefore, ...[he] chose to emphasize training, encouragement and support among solar cookers in Nigeria, and wide dissemination via video and online resources. Read more...
Climate, culture, and special considerationsEdit
- Solar Cookers International has rated Nigeria as the #5 country in the world in terms of solar cooking potential (See: The 25 countries with the most solar cooking potential). The estimated number of people in Nigeria with fuel scarcity but ample sun in 2020 is 12,400,000.
- Northern part of the country: Dry, sunny, and sparcely populated. Southern part of the country: Rain, abundant firewood, and high population density. (Source: Juan Urrutia Sanz, 2010-Feb-25)
- Discussion of West-central Africa's suitability for solar cooking
- Solar cooker dissemination and cultural variables
According to Oladosu and Adegbulugbe (1994), the energy consuming activities in the sector are cooking, lighting and operation of electrical appliances (non-substitutable electricity). In 1989 the shares of these activities in final energy consumption were 91%, 6% and 3% respectively. Total final energy consumption was 487 PJ. The major energy carriers are fuelwood, kerosene, liquelified petroleum gas (LPG) and electricity. Small amounts of charcoal and coal are also used. Fuelwood is mainly consumed in this sector and accounted for over half of total national energy consumption in 1989. A small amount is consumed in rural industries and the commercial sector. This means that fuelwood constitutes about 80% of total residential final energy consumption
- August 2005: A Solar Cooking Case Study: Investigating Appropriate Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) for Development in Nigeria - Carole St. Laurent (An investigation of using local language videos to introduce solar cooking in Nigeria.)
- August 2006: Digitally Assisted Diffusion of Innovations - Carole St. Laurent (A case is made to encourage the use of instructional videos made in local languages, over printed materials when introducing solar cooking.)
Articles in the mediaEdit
- April 2015: Nigeria: NGO Wants Solar Cooker for Nigeria - allAfrica
- July 2009: Nigeria’s Epileptic Electricity, Don Advances Permanent Solution - Osun Defender
- July 2008: The Effects of Biomass Burning On Mother Nature - allAfrica.com
Audio and VideoEdit
- April 2008:
Manufacturers and vendorsEdit