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[[File:Worlds Largest Solar Cooking Class|thumb|right|370px|2,044 middle school students learn to prepare lunch with solar cooking.]]
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*'''January 2013: World's largest solar cooking class takes place in India''' - On January 19, 2013, middle school students gathered on the grounds of JES College in Jalna, [[India]] to be trained in the use of a simple [[solar panel cooker]]. After a quick breakfast, and guidance from 205 trainers, a record-breaking 2,044 students assembled their own solar cooker and placed prepared ingredients inside to cook. After speaker presentations, they were able to enjoy the lunch they had cooked themselves. This event, sponsored by Simplified Technology for Life, demonstrates that India is quite serious about introducing solar cooking to young students. [[Ajay Chandak]] reports that included in the Indian government's five-year plan for 2012 through 2016, 30,000 million INR (approx. $600,000,000USD) is budgeted for solar cooking instruction in 500,000 schools.
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==Events==
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{{IndiaEvents}}
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{{CalendarAndPastEvents}}
 
=={{FeaturedProjectTitle}}==
 
=={{FeaturedProjectTitle}}==
[[File:Worlds Largest Solar Cooking Class|thumb|right|300px|2,044 middle school students learn to prepare lunch with solar cooking.]]
 
*'''January 2013: World's largest solar cooking class takes place in India''' - On January 19, 2013, middle school students gathered on the grounds of JES College in Jalna, [[India]] to be trained in the use of a simple [[solar panel cooker]]. After a quick breakfast, and guidance from 205 trainers, a record-breaking 2,044 students assembled their own solar cooker and placed prepared ingredients inside to cook. After speaker presentations, they were able to enjoy the lunch they had cooked themselves. This event, sponsored by Simplified Technology for Life, demonstrates that India is quite serious about introducing solar cooking to young students. [[Ajay Chandak]] reports that included in the Indian government's five-year plan for 2012 through 2016, 30,000 million INR (approx. $600,000,000USD) is budgeted for solar cooking instruction in 500,000 schools.
 
   
[[File:Shirdi_roof_collector_array.jpg|thumb|250px|Shirdi roof collector array]][[File:Shirdi_collector_diagram.jpg|thumb|250px|Shirdi collector array diagram]][[File:Shirdi_cooking_photo.jpg|thumb|250px|Cooking in the kitchen at Shirdi]]
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[[File:Shirdi_roof_collector_array.jpg|thumb|350px|Shirdi roof collector array]][[File:Shirdi_collector_diagram.jpg|thumb|250px|Shirdi collector array diagram]][[File:Shirdi_cooking_photo.jpg|thumb|250px|Cooking in the kitchen at Shirdi]]
 
*'''April 2010:''' [[Gadhia Solar Energy Systems Pvt. Ltd.]] recently completed installation of an enormous solar steam cooking system, capable of cooking 40,000-50,000 meals per day. It is located at Shirdi Saibaba temple in Shirdi, Maharashtra, India. With nearly 30,000 visitors each day, the temple’s dining halls are some of the largest in India. The solar steam cooking system is comprised of seventy-three rooftop-mounted [[Scheffler Community Kitchen|Scheffler reflectors]] of sixteen square meters each. The dishes concentrate sunlight on receivers that contain water, generating steam that is piped down to the kitchen for cooking purposes. To maintain constant focus with the sun, the dishes automatically rotate throughout the day after being manually aligned once each morning. The solar steam cooking system is retrofitted to existing liquid petroleum gas-powered steam boilers that are still used in the evening and during prolonged periods of inclement weather. Though the solar steam cooking system cost nearly $300,000, government subsidies reduced the temple’s portion to about $170,000. Liquid petroleum gas use has been cut by roughly 100,000 kilograms each year, for an annual savings of approximately $45,000. The temple should recoup its investment in three to four years. According to company founder [[Deepak Gadhia]], the solar steam cooking technology was originally developed in Germany. However, the equipment does not contain imported components and is manufactured with local machinery and labor, creating much-needed jobs. Gadhia has adapted the system for use in India, and has installed 50 such systems of varying sizes over the past two decades. The March edition of CNN’s Eco Solutions program highlights the Shirdi Saibaba temple solar steam cooking system.
 
*'''April 2010:''' [[Gadhia Solar Energy Systems Pvt. Ltd.]] recently completed installation of an enormous solar steam cooking system, capable of cooking 40,000-50,000 meals per day. It is located at Shirdi Saibaba temple in Shirdi, Maharashtra, India. With nearly 30,000 visitors each day, the temple’s dining halls are some of the largest in India. The solar steam cooking system is comprised of seventy-three rooftop-mounted [[Scheffler Community Kitchen|Scheffler reflectors]] of sixteen square meters each. The dishes concentrate sunlight on receivers that contain water, generating steam that is piped down to the kitchen for cooking purposes. To maintain constant focus with the sun, the dishes automatically rotate throughout the day after being manually aligned once each morning. The solar steam cooking system is retrofitted to existing liquid petroleum gas-powered steam boilers that are still used in the evening and during prolonged periods of inclement weather. Though the solar steam cooking system cost nearly $300,000, government subsidies reduced the temple’s portion to about $170,000. Liquid petroleum gas use has been cut by roughly 100,000 kilograms each year, for an annual savings of approximately $45,000. The temple should recoup its investment in three to four years. According to company founder [[Deepak Gadhia]], the solar steam cooking technology was originally developed in Germany. However, the equipment does not contain imported components and is manufactured with local machinery and labor, creating much-needed jobs. Gadhia has adapted the system for use in India, and has installed 50 such systems of varying sizes over the past two decades. The March edition of CNN’s Eco Solutions program highlights the Shirdi Saibaba temple solar steam cooking system.
   
 
{{SignificantProjectLink}}
 
{{SignificantProjectLink}}
   
==Events==
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==News and recent developments==
{{IndiaEvents}}
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[[File:Chennai school 1.JPG|thumb|right|170px|Solar energy concentrator at Ramakrishna Mission’s Students’ Home]]
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*'''Investment brings large-scale solar cooking to Chennai school for orphans and underprivileged boys''' - Starting in 2013, a partnership between the UNDP, India's Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, and the Global Environment Facility, led to a project to install an [[ARUN®100]] solar concentrator at the Ramakrishna Mission’s Students’ Home. The system provides enough energy to cook 3,000 meals per day and reduces LPG consumption by half, which leads to a savings of US$8,000 per year. [http://www.in.undp.org/content/india/en/home/ourwork/environmentandenergy/successstories/the-sun-in-the-kitchen/# Read more...]
   
See also: [[Calendar of events]]
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*'''March 2015: New solar cooking organization in India''' - On January 23, 2015 [[Solar Cookers India]] was formed. [[Janak McGilligan|Dr. Mrs. Janak Palta McGilligan]] has graciously offered her services as the Honorary Executive Director of this new organization, which will work in close partnership with [[Solar Cookers International]].
   
==News and Recent Developments==
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[[Image:Janak_McGilligan.jpg|150px|thumb|[[Janak McGilligan]]]]
[[File:Mount_Abu_Scheffler_installation,_7-23-13.jpg|thumb|300px|[[Scheffler Community Kitchen]] in Taleti, near Mount Abu]]
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*'''March 2015: SCInet member wins national award''' - [[Janak McGilligan]] won the prestigious national Padmashri award for distinguished achievement in social service on January 26, 2015. The Padma Awards is one of the highest civilian awards given in [[India]]. As former Director and Founder of the [[Barli Development Institute for Rural Women]], she pioneered [[parabolic solar cooker|solar parabolic cooking]] for community use.
*'''July 2013: Scheffler solar kitchen installed at Mt. Abu spiritual center''' -The [[Scheffler Community Kitchen]] has been installed as a collaboration between the [[Academy for a Better World]] and Brahma Kumaris World Spiritual University, with technology from [[Solare Brücke]], Germany. With 84 receivers and cooking at 650 degrees, the system can produce up to 38,500 meals a day when the sun is at its peak. [http://inhabitat.com/world’s-largest-solar-kitchen-in-india-can-cook-upto-38500-meals-per-day/solar-kitchen-solar-ovens-worlds-largest-solar-oven-academy-for-a-better-word-brahma-kumaris-india-solar-indian-solar-kitchen-solar-cooking-kitchen-solar-powered-oven-solar-powered-kitchen-5/ Read more...]
 
   
[[File:Solar_cooker_training_-_Barli_Institute_-_May_2013.jpg|thumb|298px|26 women trainees of the 104th batch along with Mr. Yogesh Jadhav (COO) and Mrs. Tahera Jadhav (Director) of [[Barli Development Institute for Rural Women]], Indore, India.]]
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*'''February 2015: India’s Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) is inviting comments on its Draft Solar Policy''' - Sunday, March 1, 2015 will be the deadline for comments. The ten-page document, available [http://mnre.gov.in/file-manager/UserFiles/modelsolarpolicy-2015.pdf here], outlines some of the government department’s thinking. “The Nodal Agency shall take necessary action to proliferate its application in feasible sectors including residential (solar water heaters, solar cookers, indoor air heating etc.), commercial & industrial sector (solar cooling, solar air dryers, large scale solar water heaters, large scale solar cooking utilizing solar concentrator technology, process heating etc.).” [http://www.pv-magazine.com/news/details/beitrag/mnre-invites-solar-policy-comments_100018091/#axzz3RXpyxFQi Read more...]
*'''May 2013''': It was a solar week at [[Barli Development Institute for Rural Women]] in which a week-long solar cooker training of [[SK-14]] solar cookers was organised at the Institute's campus (5-11 May 2013). The training was attended by 26 trainee-women of the outgoing 104th batch of women trainees. The rural and tribal women trainees eagerly learnt the process of assembling the solar cookers, cooking various dishes, and maintaining the cookers. The training was conducted by Mr. Yogesh Jadhav (Chief Operating Officer, Barli Institute) who took over from Mr. [[Jimmy McGilligan]] when he retired from the Institute in April 2011. After the training each of the trainees promised to save the environment and use the solar cookers.
 
   
*'''April 2013: LPG cylinder replacment is slow and unpredictable''' - Gautam Raja reports that is his area gas customers will first receive two cylinders of fuel when they establish their gas service. But when they run out, replacement can take over two weeks. Deliveries arrive unannounced, so the customer may miss it, and have to start the process all over again. Many residents have switched over to electrical induction cook tops, but the power supply can be less than reliable. Concerned about missing his morning chai, Gautam then discovered solar cookers, and was amazed by their capabilities. They help fill the gap, that is until the monsoon season. [http://gulfnews.com/opinions/offthecuff/india-it-s-a-big-headache-to-fuel-our-cooking-fires-1.1170791 Read more...]
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[[File:Keshav Srushti 1.png|thumb|right|300px|Thousands of students gather in Mumbai, India for a record-breaking solar cooking event.]]
*'''February 2013: Solar cooking and processing workshops in India''' - [[Celestino Ruivo]], of the [[Escola Superior de Tecnologia da Universidade do Algarve|Instituto Superior de Engenharia da Universidade do Algarve]] in [[Portugal]], traveled to [[India]] at the end of January to attend the 1st International [[Solar Food Processing Network]] workshop at the Muni Seva Ashram in Goraj, Vadodara, Gujarat, India. He brought with him 50 kg. of solar cooking bagage: 8 black pots, 16 glasses of windows cloth washing machines, corrugated sheet metal, reflective foil and tools to make low cost and effective portable funnel cookers. Creatively, Celestino used his suitcase as the mold to construct examples of his [[Celestino Solar Funnel Cooker|solar funnel cooker]] in concrete. He also gave a lecture about solar cooking and how to construct a funnel cooker at the CT institute in Punjab for more than 300 students, as well teaching solar cooking for ladies in domestic context at Jalandhar. The eight funnel cookers were donated to friends in Hyderabad, Mumbai, Muni Seva Ashram, Vadodara, Jalandhar and New Delhi.
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*'''January 2015: 15,000 students in Mumbai solar cook and set world-record''' - 15,000 students from 80 schools in Mumbai, [[India]] set a new world-record for the largest ever solar cooking gathering organized by [[Keshav Srushti]]. Each student was given a solar cooker and taught how to use it as part of a national campaign to spread awareness of the importance of solar technology. C Vidyasagar Rao, governor of Maharashtra and Ashish Shelar, minister of state, Power, Coal & New Renewable Energy, attended the record-setting gathering. Read more at: [http://www.iamin.in/en/mumbai-north-west/news/over-15000-students-create-new-world-record-solar-cooking-50453 Over 15,000 students create a new world-record in solar cooking]
   
[[File:Solar_Food_Processing_Network_group_photo,_2-14-14.jpg|thumb|300px|Participants at the 2013 Solar Food Processing Network conference.]]
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*'''January 2015: Annual Maha SuryaKumba reaches for a lofty goal''' - The Bhayander based NGO, [[Keshav Srushti]], is committed to spreading awareness of solar cooking. Under the banner of [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CaKOTz7hDGU Maha SuryaKumba], they will be gathering students from 500 schools across Mumbai in Bhayander,[[India]], and then will be taking the festival to remote tribal villages. Hoping this year reach the magic number of 100,000 solar-powered prepared meals! Keshav Srushti has been accredited by the Guinness Book of World Records for having conducted the largest solar oven cooking class in January 2014 with 3,639 participants from 62 schools. The new goal of reaching so many students from remote areas will require financial support beyond the means of Keshav Srushti. Please contact [[Keshav Srushti]] If you can help, it will be appreciated. The NGO has announced there will now be an annual Maha SuryaKumba held on January 15th. [http://www.dnaindia.com/mumbai/report-mumbai-ngo-to-hold-maha-suryakumbh-with-25000-students-2009258 More information...]
*'''February 2013:''' The [[Solar Food Processing Network]] (SFPN) held a regional workshop in January 2013 at the Muni Seva Ashram in Goraj, Vadodara, Gujarat, [[India]]. This gathering was a follow-up to the 2009 AFPN conference held in Indore, India in 2010. Workshop participants heard from food marketing and technology experts. Conference organizers, [[Deepak Gadhia]] and [[Rolf Behringer]] held discussions on local and international marketing, village industries, packaging, policy interventions, R&D, and effective monitoring and evaluation of projects. Attendees discussed the formation of an international solar food standard and shared their own practical experiences using solar technology for food processing. Visit the [http://www.solarfood.org Solar Food Processing Network] to see a muscial video of the event and videos of solar food processing projects in [[Burkina Faso]].
 
   
[[File:Worlds Largest Solar Cooking Class|thumb|right|300px|2,044 middle school students learn to prepare lunch with solar cooking.]]
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*'''September 2014:''' Bhubaneswar: The state government will provide solar chullahs to 500 households inside Satkosia Wildlife Sanctuary. This was done to reduce load on firewood, which the villagers collect from the sanctuary. There are around 5,000 households in the reserve, but initially 10% will be provided with the solar cooking device. The panchayati raj and forest departments will jointly conduct survey to identify the families to be given the chullah. A private party will donate the chullahs to the forest department. - [http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/City/Bhubaneswar/Solar-chullahs-for-Satkosia-Wildlife-Sanctuary/articleshow/42446785.cms Read more...] - ''Times of India''
*'''January 2013: World's largest solar cooking class takes place in India''' - On January 19, 2013, middle school students gathered on the grounds of JES College in Jalna, [[India]] to be trained in the use of a simple [[solar panel cooker]]. After a quick breakfast, and guidance from 205 trainers, a record-breaking 2,044 students assembled their own solar cooker and placed prepared ingredients inside to cook. After speaker presentations, they were able to enjoy the lunch they had cooked themselves. This event, sponsored by Simplified Technology for Life, demonstrates that India is quite serious about introducing solar cooking to young students.
 
   
[[File:Parabolic solar cooker (Demo)|thumb|right|300px|The [[PRINCE - 40]] is demonstrated at the rural schools.]]
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[[File:ARUN_100_at_Akshardham,_8-12-14.jpg|thumb|300px|The [[ARUN 100]] solar cooking array at the Akshardham Temple, New Delhi, [[India]].]]
[[File:WORT_training_demonstration,_1-5-13.jpg|thumb|300px|A field demonstration of the [[PRINCE - 40]] parabolic cooker.]]
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*'''August 2014:''' International solar cooking expert, [[Ajay Chandak]], has written about the recent installation of steam generating solar cooking systems at The Akshardham Temple located in New Delhi and at the Ram Krishna Mission Student’s Home, Mylapore, Chennai. The Akshardham Temple system is now able to serve 2,000 - 3,000 meals on a clear sunny day, saving approximately 30 to 50 scm of PNG each day in operation. MNRE has partly funded this installation and [http://www.cliquesolar.com Clique Solar] has manufactured and installed the system. The system at the Ram Krishna Mission Student’s Home as been adapted with the ability to store the excess heat generated mid-day to be able to cook very early in the day and after sunset. Read his reports: [[Media:SCI_news_1.pdf|ARUN®100 Installation at Akshardham Temple, New Delhi]] and [[Media:SCI_news_2.pdf|ARUN®100 with Thermal Storage at Ramkrishna Mission, Chennai]] - ''[[Ajay Chandak]]''
*'''January 2013: Parabolic community solar cookers used for midday meals in rural schools''' - [http://www.wotr.org WOTR] is a nonprofit organization that has been operating in five Indian states since the early nineties. They have untaken a unique solar cooking project targeting Zilla Parishad primary schools in the Sangamner and Akole taluka of the Ahmadnagar district. The objective was to find ways to help prepare their midday meal. Currently, twenty-three solar cookers are in service. After a careful study of all options, it was decided to deploy the [[PRINCE - 40]] [[parabolic solar cooker]], designed by [[Ajay Chandak]], for the pilot installation in fifty-three villages across three states – {{State|Maharashtra}}, {{State|Andhra Pradesh}}, and {{State|Madhya Pradesh}}. Most of the schools where these cookers are installed are using them as main source of energy for the mid-day meals. Read more about the project at: [[Media:Parabolic-Cookers-for-Mid-day-Meal-Schemes-in-Rural-Schools.pdf|A Report on Deployment of Parabolic Community Solar Cookers for Midday Meals in Rural Schools]]
 
*'''December 2012:  Indian Government's Ambitious New Solar Cooking Policy '''- Deepak Gadhia reports that the Indian government has announced a very ambitious Solar Cooking Policy under the [http://greenp.engo.in/files/2012/01/Nation-Solar-Mission-Policy.pdf Jawharlal Nehru National Solar Mission],  JNSSM Phase II Targets for "Solar Cookers and Steam Generating Systems will include: At-least 100 institutions that would deploy solar cookers  (Likely [http://solarcooking.wikia.com/wiki/Institutional_solar_cooking Solar Steam and Thermic Fluid System Cooking Systems] for Institutional Cooking for 500 + people); Around 25,000 installations of solar cooking devices in schools for mid day meals. (Likely [http://www.solare-bruecke.org/English/scheffler_e-Dateien/scheffler_e.htm Scheffler Cookers], [http://solarcooking.wikia.com/wiki/PRINCE_-_40 PRINCE 40, 60] and other mid-size solar cookers that can cook for 50+ people; An overall target of deployment of 50,000 solar cookers would be set in Phase II of JNNSM. (Likely the [http://solarcooking.wikia.com/wiki/SK14 SK 10/ Sk 14/] [http://www.iaeng.org/publication/WCE2011/WCE2011_pp1949-1951.pdf Prince 15], etc. for domestic cooking).
 
   
*'''November 2012: Regional Solar Food Processing Network to be established in India''' - [[Rolf Behringer]] reports that the German NGO [[WISIONS]] has agreed to support the establishment in [[India]] of the first regional [[Solar Food Processing Network]]. A workshop to inaugurate this effort will take place in early 2013 ([[Events|date and location to be announced]]). The aim of the Solar Food Processing Network (SFPN) is to establish a global network of interested parties (NGOs, governments, farmers, and manufacturers) to develop and promote efficient methods of solar food processing and conservation. These are intended to help reduce poverty, improve local economic opportunities and health, and decrease environmental damage. In countries with high solar insolation, effective solar thermal production technologies will contribute to the sustainable development of small rural communities. SFPN is managed by the German NGO [[Solare Zukunft]] (Solar Future in English). It is financially supported by WISIONS, an initiative of the Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy to foster practical sustainable energy projects.
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*'''August 2014:''' A Bhayander based NGO, [[Keshav Srushti]], in a bid to spread awareness on solar cooking, will be gathering students from 500 schools across Mumbai to cook solar-powered dishes. Keshav Srushti has been accredited by the Guinness Book of World Records for having conducted the largest solar oven cooking class in January 2014 with 3639 participants from 62 schools. Invigorated by the success, the NGO has announced an annual Maha Suryakumbh on January 15, 2015, is aiming to reach 25,000 schools students. [http://www.dnaindia.com/mumbai/report-mumbai-ngo-to-hold-maha-suryakumbh-with-25000-students-2009258 More information...]
   
*'''November 2012:''' ''The Times of India'' reports that the Akshardham temple in the capital has switched from piped natural gas to solar technology for cooking its daily quota of close to 4,000 meals every day. The solar concentrator, named ARUN®100, produces steam which powers the cooking process. [http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/delhi/Sun-fuels-hearth-at-Akshardham/articleshow/17273109.cms Read more...]
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*'''April 2014:''' [[File:Indore_Solar_Food_Processing_Network_article_April_2014.jpg|500px|none]]
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*'''March 2014: Rural schools receive solar cooking sysytems''' - [[Ajay Chandak]] wants to update the solar cooking community that a [[Scheffler Community Kitchen]] has been installed and tested at the Aapla Ghar school for homeless rural children located in Naldurg, [[India]]. After cooking their first meal on this solar system the students and management were more than happy. He brings particular attention and notice of appreciation to the local M.P. Dr. Ashok Ganguly, who arranged financing of the project through their M.P fund, contributing $23,000 USD to the project. Also, another Scheffler system is to be opened soon at an orphanage located in Dhule.
   
[[File:Golden_Temple,_Punjab,_India_3-19-12.jpg|250px|thumb|Golden Temple, Punjab, [[India]]]]
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*'''February 2014: The Jawahar Navodiya Vidyalya school is saving $23,000 in annual fuel costs''' - The residential school Jawahar Navodiya Vidyalya located in Ladakh, [[India]] appreciates having their solar cooking system, which is saving them $23,000 USD in annual fuel costs. More than 570 students and staff members are served daily meals. "It is not only very easy to operate, but it provides us [with] hot water for washing the dishes in the cold season," says Tashi, one of the kitchen staff. The arid desert region is known as the "land of high passes". Previously, remote areas like this one have had to rely on kerosene and firewood for heating and cooking, and considerable money was being spent simply getting kerosene delivered. [http://www.atimes.com/atimes/South_Asia/SOU-01-250214.html Read more...] - ''Asia Times Online''
*'''May 2012: '''[http://www.telegraphindia.com/1120529/jsp/bihar/story_15541694.jsp#.UBb9GkJvK7F The Telegraph of Calcutta] reports that State Animal and Fish Resources Minister Giriraj Singh will not be affected if the government of India cuts subsidies for LPG cooking gas and kerosene. He has started using solar cookers to prepare meals at home. Fearing a rise in cooking gas prices, he has already started using solar cookers. He has also urged the state energy minister, Vijendra Prasad Yadav, to come up with a plan to reduce the dependence of government buildings on traditional sources of power. Solar energy, the minister suggested, would be a suitable alternative.
 
   
*'''April 2012:''' [[Media:India_parabolic_chandak.pdf|Parabolic Community Solar Cookers used in Rural Schools for the Midday Meal]]
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*'''January 2014: School in North Coimbatore begins solar cooking mid-day meals''' Two [[PRINCE - 40]] institutional [[parabolic solar cooker]]s will soon be cooking noon meals for students at a school in North Coimbatore. Each PRINCE unit (designed by Professor [[Ajay Chandak]]) costs 68,000 Indian rupees ($1,000 USD) and includes a 35-liter (32 quart) pressure cooker. The first two units will be used on a test basis. If successful, the municipality will order PRINCE cookers for all sixteen schools in the region. The Indian National Ministry of New and Renewable Energy provides a sixty percent subsidy for the solar cookers, which will cut expenses by reducing the consumption of LPG and wood. On December 9, 2013 Professor Ajay Chandak, a global leader in the solar thermal cooking sector, was elected to the Board of Directors of the International Solar Energy Society (ISES). Chandak will represent "Solar Heating and Cooling". ISES is a UN-accredited NGO that is active in over 110 countries.
   
*'''March 2012:''' To save the Golden Temple from the ill-effects of pollution the Punjab Energy Development Agency(PEDA) is developing a plan to prepare a daily meal of Langar dal with the help of a solar steam cooking system. PEDA is the governmental agency promoting renewable energy within {{state|Punjab}}, [[India]]. To prepare Langar dal for 50,000 to 60,000 devotees daily at the Golden Temple, requires one ton (909 kg) of dal to be cooked each day. A recent study has shown cooking dal with the help of steam will save at least 25 LPG cylinders and also keep the environment pollution-free. PEDA chairman Manjeet Singh said they would bear the entire project cost.
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[[File:Mumbai_largest_solar_cooking_class,_17-14.jpg|thumb|250px|As many as 3,484 children from over 80 schools participated in the world's largest solar cooking class in Mumbai, [[India]].]]
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*'''January 2014: India raises the bar for the world's largest solar cooking class''' - "As many as 3,484 children from over 80 schools participated in the largest solar cooking initiative Suryakumbh on January 4th, which has qualified as an entry to the Guinness Book of World Records. The emergence of renewable sources of energy as an answer to the imminent exhaustion of conventional energy sources pushed a Bhayander NGO, [[Keshav Srushti]], to start with the most influential members of society, children." - ''dna'' The class was held in Mumbai, [[India]]. [http://www.dnaindia.com/mumbai/report-mumbai-3484-kids-take-part-in-largest-solar-cooking-session-set-guinness-record-1945468 Read more...]
   
*'''March 2012:''' China and India lead the world in large scale solar cooking projects. [[Dar Curtis]] of [[Solar Household Energy]] recently researched where large scale solar cooking projects are happening around the world. The projects in African [[refugee camps]] are fairly well known, but institutional projects and the high-use of solar cookers is happening primarily in Asia. The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) has registered eight solar cooker projects in [[China]] since 2009. A total of 207,000 [[parabolic solar cooker]]s have been distributed, serving 848,000 people. In [[India]], CDM registered a Gold Standard project in 2006. The [[Gadhia Solar]] company has created [[Institutional solar cooking|institutional kitchens]] with arrays of large [[Parabolic solar reflectors|parabolic solar concentrators]] to generate steam. Such an installation at Mt. Abu, Rajasthan, can produce meals for 38,500 pilgrims per day. Read more from his well-documented report. [[Media:Solar_In_Asia_Curtis_2012.pdf|Some Big Solar Cooking Project in Asia, December 2011]]
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[[File:Scheffler_reflector,_girl's_hostel_in_Jaipur,_12-16-13.jpg|thumb|250px|A [[Scheffler Community Kitchen|Scheffler reflector]] used in the solar cooking systems installed in Jaipur, [[India]].]]
   
[[File:Solar Fire TinyTech Concentrator, 2-21-12.jpg|thumb|250px|[[Solar Fire TinyTech Concentrator]]]]
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{{OldNewsLink}}
*'''February 2012:''' The [[Solar Fire TinyTech Concentrator]] has been developed by the [[TinyTech]] company for use as either a village power source, or to generate steam for [[Institutional solar cooking|institutional cooking]]. It measures 90 sq. meters and is a fixed focus completely folding concentrator, not requiring any foundation in the ground.
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==The history of solar cooking in India==
*'''February 2012:''' Medical colleges including those owned by the State Governments across the country are gearing up to do their bit to tackle climate change by adopting environment-friendly measures. the Medical Council of India (MCI) has proposed that colleges give emphasis to promotion of national bio-gas and manure management programs (NBMMP), national biomass cook-stove programs (NBCP), and solar cooking systems according to their suitability to ensure sustainability.” [http://dailypioneer.com/nation/41267-medical-colleges-into-green-mode-for-change.html Read More...] - ''The Pioneer''
 
*'''February 2012:''' Union Minister for New and Renewable Energy, Farooq Abdullah, noted at a recent seminar in Ambala, [[India]], that the rapid rise in the use of fossil fuels has threatened exhaustion of conventional energy sources in the country. He said most of the energy required in the industry, transportation and agriculture field is generated from fossil fuels like coal, petroleum and natural gas. Farooq said his ministry had chalked out a detailed plan to promote solar cooking. [http://ibnlive.in.com/generalnewsfeed/news/farooq-for-encouraging-renewable-energy-sources/959733.html - ''IBN Live'']
 
 
*'''January 2012:''' Private equity firm Zephyr Peacock has reportedly invested $11,000,000 USD in Mumbai-based [[Gadhia Solar]] in [[India]].. The solar energy company provides energy solutions by using parabolic concentrated technology and has implemented some of the world’s largest solar thermal systems during the past two decades. [http://www.vccircle.com/500/news/zephyr-peacock-invests-up-to-rs-50cr-in-gadhia-solar Read more...]
 
 
*'''January 2012:''' [[Ajay Chandak]] reports that in the Indian government's <span style="font-family: 'Arial','sans-serif'; color: black; font-size: 10pt">12th five year plan, 2012-2016, 30000 million INR (approx. 600 million USD) is budgeted for solar cooking in a half a million schools. This will not only help in saving environment, but will expose millions and millions of school children to solar cooking and build the confidence that these systems work. </span> {{FeaturedProjects}}
 
 
*'''November 2011:''' The World Intellectual Property Organization commissioned an extensive report on the state of solar cooking, prepared by [[Scope e-Knowledge Center Private Limited]] based in [[India]]. Released in August 2011, the report validates the viability of solar cooking, a technology well-suited for a growing portion of the world's population. It also provides a number of examples of various designs that have applied for patents.
 
*'''October 2011:''' The latest [[PRINCE]] newsletter announces a scheduled training for [[Scheffler Reflector Solar Cooker]]s coming January 21 -27, 2012. Next, PRINCE founder [[Ajay Chandak]] has received an Energy Conservation Award from the Government of Maharashtra. Also, PRINCE has organized a networking workshop for all stakeholders in the renewable energy business on January 25 - 26, 2012. PRINCE Biogas Plants now approved by MNRE. Read more about these items: [[Media:PRINCE_newsletter1.pdf|PRINCE newsletter, Fall 2011]]
 
*'''June 2011: First Solar Cooking Training on World Environment Day''' - [[Janak McGillian]] reports that Sanawdiya, a village located at the historic Devguradiya Temple, is increasingly affected by smoke from toxic dumps. On World Environment Day, June 4th and 5th, Janak organized a program to combat this smoke. With many guest speakers, the highlight of the program was a demonstartion of solar cooking with a [[SK-14]] [[parabolic solar cooker]]. There was considerable interest from the villagers from Sanawadiya and farmers from the surrounding area. Read details of the event at: [[Media:World_Environment_Day,_India_2011.pdf|First Solar Cooking Training on World Environment Day]]
 
 
*'''January 2011:''' [http://www.mydigitalfc.com/news/govt-clears-plan-60-solar-cities-208 Government clears plan for sixty solar cities.] The Centre will kick off an ambitious scheme to develop sixty solar cities in two years. It will be done in collaboration with city corporations, municipalities and district councils. The focus will be on renewable energy devices such as kitchen waste-based plants, solar water heating systems, solar cooking systems, solar steam generation, drying and air heating systems, solar air-conditioning, bio-mass gasification based systems and biogas.
 
*'''January 2011: [http://www.rncos.com/Report/IM187.htm RNCOS Report] Predicts Growth of Solar Cookers in India.''' RNCOS, market research and information analysis company, in its recent report titled, “Indian Solar Energy Market Outlook 2012”, studies the latest trends in the industry by utilizing inputs from the state and central regulatory background of the country. According to the report, the solar cookers in India will witness a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 6% in 2010-2013. The report details the rapid growth of solar industry in India and predicts that it will grow more in future. There is a growing demand for solar products in rural areas, and the trend will continue in the future too. The report quotes that the [[Solar Cookers International]] has rated India as the foremost country with abundant solar cooking potential. It mentions the various steps taken by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy in India in popularizing the usage of solar cookers in government organizations, villages, societies, hostels and hotels. The report also discusses various factors that push the growth of solar cooker market in India.
 
*'''December 2010: Institutional solar cooking gains momentum in India.''' A news release from the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, reporting on important activities in 2010, states: Solar concentrating systems, comprising automatically tracked of parabolic dishes, have been found to be useful for generating steam to cook food for hundreds and thousands of people in community kitchens especially at religious places such as Shirdi, Mount Abu, Tirupati etc. The world’s largest system is functioning at Shirdi for cooking food for 20,000 people/day. These systems have found good applications for air conditioning and laundry also and a few demonstration plants have recently been installed. A total of around 80 concentrating systems of different capacities covering 25,000 sq.m. of dish area are functioning in the country, largely for cooking purpose. During 2010, 15 such systems were sanctioned covering a dish area of around 3000 sq.m. [http://pib.nic.in/release/release.asp?relid=68779 More Information...]
 
*'''July 2010:''' The Ahmedabad-based Self Employed Women’s Association has joined forces with the Sierra Club to provide new green jobs and technology for SEWA’s 1.5 million members in India. Ninety-three percent of India’s workforce remains in the informal sector, said Nanavaty, executive director of SEWA. “The Indian economy is growing tremendously, but how do the rural poor also avail of these opportunities?” Sailesh Rao, president and founder of the San Jose, Calif.-based Climate Healers, said his non-profit organization had come up with two solar cook stoves, one that could slow-cook a meal like rice and daal throughout the day, and another that could prepare rotis almost instantly. Women using the solar stoves could also generate an income by selling their carbon credits, Rao told India-West after the talk, envisioning a plan where the credits could be sold for $11 per metric ton, netting rural women about $4.
 
[[File:Tirupati_solar_installation.jpg|right|300px]]
 
*'''June 2010:''' [[India]]'s richest temple - Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanam (TTD), at Tirumala is relying entirely on clean energy to feed over 70,000 people everyday. The temple has installed solar powered lights, solar cooking system, windmills and a water recycling station. "The basic principle is conversion of water into steam energy. We're converting the solar energy into steam energy. The water flows through the pipes and the solar dishes concentrate the solar energy to the concentrators. In the concentrators the water is converted into steam and that steam is utilised for cooking," says Deputy Executive Engineer (Mechanical) KV Raman Rao. The solar array is similar to to the one recently installed in Shirdi, and also uses the [[Scheffler Community Kitchen|Scheffler parabolic solar oven]] as the basis for their system.
 
 
*'''May 2010:''' Installation of solar cooking devices at the Vigyan ashram near Puna, [[India]].. A project proposal for the installation of solar cooking devices(16sqm scheffler concentrator, PRINCE 40 solar parabolic cooker, tunnel drier, 12 sqm solar batch drier, Bakery / oven , biogas generator) at the Vigyan ashram was submitted to INDUSA. The proposal has been accepted for VA campus for the year 2010. The civil and foundation work are currently underway. [http://vigyanashram.wordpress.com/2010/05/17/indusa-installation-of-solar-kitchen-equipments-updates/ More Information...]
 
[[File:Shirdi_roof_collector_array.jpg|thumb|250px|Shirdi roof collector array]][[File:Shirdi_collector_diagram.jpg|thumb|250px|Shirdi collector array diagram]][[File:Shirdi_cooking_photo.jpg|thumb|250px|Cooking in the kitchen at Shirdi]]
 
 
*'''April 2010:''' [[Gadhia Solar Energy Systems Pvt. Ltd.]] recently completed installation of an enormous solar steam cooking system, capable of cooking 40,000-50,000 meals per day. It is located at Shirdi Saibaba temple in Shirdi, Maharashtra, India. With nearly 30,000 visitors each day, the temple’s dining halls are some of the largest in India. The solar steam cooking system is comprised of 73 rooftop-mounted reflective dishes of 16 square meters each. The dishes concentrate sunlight on receivers that contain water, generating steam that is piped down to the kitchen for cooking purposes. To maintain constant focus with the sun, the dishes automatically rotate throughout the day after being manually aligned once each morning. The solar steam cooking system is retrofitted to existing liquid petroleum gas-powered steam boilers that are still used in the evening and during prolonged periods of inclement weather. Though the solar steam cooking system cost nearly $300,000, government subsidies reduced the temple’s portion to about $170,000. Liquid petroleum gas use has been cut by roughly 100,000 kilograms each year, for an annual savings of approximately $45,000. The temple should recoup its investment in three to four years. According to company founder [[Deepak Gadhia]], the solar steam cooking technology was originally developed in Germany. However, the equipment does not contain imported components and is manufactured with local machinery and labor, creating much-needed jobs. Gadhia has adapted the system for use in India, and has installed 50 such systems of varying sizes over the past two decades. The March edition of CNN’s Eco Solutions program highlights the Shirdi Saibaba temple solar steam cooking system.
 
 
{{Clr}}
 
 
==The History of Solar Cooking in India==
 
 
{{Main|History of solar cooking in India}}
 
{{Main|History of solar cooking in India}}
   
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The Press Bureau of the Government of India reported in 2007 that there are 525,000 solar cookers installed in India.[http://pib.nic.in/archieve/lreleng/lyr2003/rapr2003/30042003/r3004200332.html] The Press Bureau also reported in 2003 that, "The solar cooker programme has been expanded by introducing new designs for community use. Three solar steam cooking systems based on automatic tracking concentrating collective technology for cooking food for 600-3,000 people per day, and one system based on ‘Solar Bowl’ technology, have been installed. World's largest solar steam cooking system has been installed at Tirumala Tirupati. The system is designed to cook two meals for 15,000 persons in one day. Another system for 2,000 people was erected at Brahmakumaris Ashram in Gurgaon in July, 2002. Three community cookers for indoor cooking have been installed at a training hostel and an NGO’s establishment in Leh. In all, six such systems have been installed under the MNES demonstration scheme. A total of 500 dish solar cookers and 60 community solar cookers have been installed so far."[http://pib.nic.in/archieve/ppinti/achieve2003/english/26.html]
 
The Press Bureau of the Government of India reported in 2007 that there are 525,000 solar cookers installed in India.[http://pib.nic.in/archieve/lreleng/lyr2003/rapr2003/30042003/r3004200332.html] The Press Bureau also reported in 2003 that, "The solar cooker programme has been expanded by introducing new designs for community use. Three solar steam cooking systems based on automatic tracking concentrating collective technology for cooking food for 600-3,000 people per day, and one system based on ‘Solar Bowl’ technology, have been installed. World's largest solar steam cooking system has been installed at Tirumala Tirupati. The system is designed to cook two meals for 15,000 persons in one day. Another system for 2,000 people was erected at Brahmakumaris Ashram in Gurgaon in July, 2002. Three community cookers for indoor cooking have been installed at a training hostel and an NGO’s establishment in Leh. In all, six such systems have been installed under the MNES demonstration scheme. A total of 500 dish solar cookers and 60 community solar cookers have been installed so far."[http://pib.nic.in/archieve/ppinti/achieve2003/english/26.html]
  +
{{ArchivedPagesForHistory}}
  +
==Culture and economics==
  +
[[Solar Cookers International]] has rated India as the #1 country worldwide for solar cooking potential. In the year 2020, the estimated number of people in India who will suffer from fuel scarcity is 157,400,000, but these people will continue to have ample access to the sun. In December 2007, the Indian Government instituted [http://pib.nic.in/release/release.asp?relid=33609 a program of rebates on various renewable energy devices] including solar cookers. Solar cooking has even been recommended in the Rig Veda, a sacred Hindu text, stating: "All edibles ripened or cooked in the sun’s rays change into super medicine, the amrita."
  +
[[File:India_Solar_Resource_map,_12-3-12.jpg|thumb|center|470px|India Solar Resource Map provided by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory]]{{clr}}
   
==Climate, Culture, and Special Considerations==
+
===Fuels used for cooking===
[[Solar Cookers International]] has rated India as the #1 country in the world in terms of solar cooking potential (See: [[Media:25_countries_with_most_solar_cooking_potential.pdf|The 25 countries with the most solar cooking potential]]). The estimated number of people in India
+
URBAN SECTOR
suffering from fuel scarcity but with ample sunshine in 2020 is 157,400,000. In December 2007 the Indian Government instituted [http://pib.nic.in/release/release.asp?relid=33609 a program of rebates on various renewable energy devices]including solar cookers. Solar cooking has been recommended even in the Rig Veda which says: "All edibles ripened or cooked in the sun’s rays change into super medicine, the amrita."
+
*LPG (47.96%)
[[File:India_Solar_Resource_map,_12-3-12.jpg|thumb|center|470px|India Solar Resource Map provided by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory]]
+
*Firewood (22.74%)
{{clr}}
+
*Kerosene (19.16%) and
  +
*Other fuels(10.14)
  +
  +
RURAL SECTOR
  +
*Firewood (64.10%)
  +
*Other sources of biomass – crop residue (13.10%)
  +
*Cow‐dung (12.80%), and
  +
*LPG (5.67%) is now increasing in importance. <ref>http://static2.wikia.nocookie.net/__cb20090624234723/solarcooking/images/8/8f/Performance_analysis_Solar_Parabolic_concentrator_for_cooking_applications_P._Rajamohan%2C_S._Shanmugan%2C_K._Ramanathan%2C_D._Mutharasu_%28January_2009%29.pdf</ref>
  +
  +
In a February 7th, 2015 article, The Economist reported that there are roughly 1 million deaths in India each year due to cooking fires<ref>http://www.economist.com/news/leaders/21642172-narendra-modi-should-learn-chinas-mistakes-its-too-late-indian-winter?fsrc=scn/fb/te/pe/ed/indianwinter</ref>.
  +
===Fuel subsidies===
 
The Economic Times of India reports:
 
The Economic Times of India reports:
   
:While 300 million people live below poverty line, making do with energy inefficient dung cakes, twigs and branches and occasional bits of coal, the urban middle class and the rural rich are splurging on cheap petrol, cheaper diesel, even cheaper kerosene, and absurdly cheap LPG.
+
:While 300 million people live below poverty line, making do with energy inefficient dung cakes, twigs and branches, and occasional bits of coal, the urban middle class and the rural rich are splurging on cheap petrol and diesel and even cheaper kerosene and liquified petroleum gas.
   
 
:The subsidy is massive - hidden by a disingenuous device called oil bonds. Here are some rock solid facts. IOC, HPCL and BPCL are currently losing $137 million a day (i.e., Rs 582 crore per day at Rs 42.50 = $1). They lose Rs 16.34 for each litre of petrol, and Rs 23.49 for each litre of diesel sold in Delhi.
 
:The subsidy is massive - hidden by a disingenuous device called oil bonds. Here are some rock solid facts. IOC, HPCL and BPCL are currently losing $137 million a day (i.e., Rs 582 crore per day at Rs 42.50 = $1). They lose Rs 16.34 for each litre of petrol, and Rs 23.49 for each litre of diesel sold in Delhi.
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:The subsidy on kerosene at Rs 28.72 per litre is over three times the current retail price; and the subsidy on a cylinder of cooking gas at Rs 306 per cylinder exceeds the retail price. The total under-recovery for the oil marketing companies for 2006-07 was over $19 billion. With oil prices touching $135, under-recoveries can be $50 billion this year, unless retail prices are substantially increased.[http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/Debate/How_to_deal_with_ever-rising_crude_prices/articleshow/3094985.cms]
 
:The subsidy on kerosene at Rs 28.72 per litre is over three times the current retail price; and the subsidy on a cylinder of cooking gas at Rs 306 per cylinder exceeds the retail price. The total under-recovery for the oil marketing companies for 2006-07 was over $19 billion. With oil prices touching $135, under-recoveries can be $50 billion this year, unless retail prices are substantially increased.[http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/Debate/How_to_deal_with_ever-rising_crude_prices/articleshow/3094985.cms]
   
In a report presented during the Asian Clean Energy Forum in June 2008, Soma Dutta, Asia regional network coordinator for the Amsterdam-based [[ENERGIA International Network on Gender and Sustainable Energy]], says that only 45 percent of India’s 70 percent rural population have access to electricity, and over 80 percent still rely on firewood as their main cooking fuel. The long hours and big effort spent just gathering firewood give these women little time for education or employment, she adds.[http://www.ipsnews.net/news.asp?idnews=42725]
+
The Telegraph (UK) reported in September 2013 that, "Food and fuel subsidies are gobbling up much of the budget, while investment atrophies."[http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/currency/10277392/India-pushes-shock-and-awe-currency-plan-to-save-BRICS.html]
   
Another take on the social acceptance of solar cooking in India:
+
Solar cooking already has a significant presense in India, especially with large scale projects, but the potential remains for its use to still significantly replace the use of conventioal fuels. 
   
Technologies have been failing in the villages for many reasons, but most commonly for lack of market knowledge on the part of the innovator. One example is the solar cooker, which was first developed about 20 years ago. This technology never caught on despite the purported cost savings because it was not created in a way that suited the lifestyles of the individuals using it. The solar stove was most powerful at the times of the strongest sunlight, which was mid-day and early afternoon. The population it was made for were largely village farmers who consumed their big meals by early to mid-morning and then again late at night, after the sun had gone down. In addition to this the stoves were not made in a way that was conducive to Indian-style cooking. The stove had four separate chambers which could boil or slow cook food. Indian cooking is mostly with oil (with the exception of rice) and requires frequent temperature manipulation and flipping and turning which was not possible with the solar stove.[http://www.travelblog.org/Asia/India/Andhra-Pradesh/Hyderabad/blog-449965.html]
+
===Cultural acceptance===
  +
In a report presented during the Asian Clean Energy Forum in June 2008, Soma Dutta, Asia Regional Network Coordinator for the Amsterdam-based [http://solarcooking.wikia.com/wiki/ENERGIA_International_Network_on_Gender_and_Sustainable_Energy?action=edit&redlink=1 ENERGIA International Network on Gender and Sustainable Energy], states that only 45% of India’s 70% rural population have access to electricity, and over 80 percent still rely on firewood as their primary cooking fuel, the gathering of which is a responsibility that almost always falls to the women and girls in a society. The long hours and significant effort spent simply gathering firewood leaves them little time for education or employment. [http://www.ipsnews.net/news.asp?idnews=42725]
   
There does however, appear to be references of solar cooking written in ancient Vedic texts:
+
Introductions of new technologies fail in villages for many reasons, but most commonly due to a lack of knowledge and understanding of local cultural customs. Solar cooking has often suffered this fate despite the purported cost savings because it is not introduced in a way that suited the lifestyles of the individuals using it.
   
''Sun cooked food improves cellular health and longevity of life. It strengthens health and mind removes three major physical disorders to do with digestion, blood and respiratory system, balances inner body temperatures, life, glows aura and keeps various obstacles away. Sun cooked food has great medicinal value. It enhances intellect, genius. : ' Rig Veda'.'' - Reference from the [http://www.princeindia.org/solarfood.htm princeindia.org] website. See: [[PRINCE]]
+
A solar stove is most powerful at the times of the strongest sunlight, which is mid-day and early afternoon. As in many agricultural populations, village farmers in India consume their biggest meals by early to mid-morning and then again late at night, after the sun has set. In addition, certain solar stoves are not conducive to Indian-style cooking which is done mostly with oil (with the exception of rice) and requires frequent temperature manipulation as well as stirring and flipping which was is difficult with many solar cookers.[http://www.travelblog.org/Asia/India/Andhra-Pradesh/Hyderabad/blog-449965.html4]
  +
  +
While technical constraints limit the types of solar cookers likely to be widely adopted in India, there is historic precedent for solar cooking in Indian culture. A passage in ancient Vedic texts state, "
  +
''Sun cooked food improves cellular health and longevity of life. It strengthens health and mind removes three major physical disorders to do with digestion, blood and respiratory system, balances inner body temperatures, life, glows aura and keeps various obstacles away. Sun cooked food has great medicinal value. It enhances intellect, genius." ' Rig Veda'.'' - Reference from the [http://www.princeindia.org/solarfood.htm princeindia.org] website. See: [[PRINCE]]
   
 
===See also===
 
===See also===
  +
*{{NewMay15}}'''June 2015:''' [http://cleancookstoves.org/about/news/05-05-2015-women-spend-374-hours-each-year-collecting-firewood-in-india-study-finds.html Women Spend 374 Hours Each Year Collecting Firewood in India, Study Finds] - ''[[Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves]]''
  +
*'''March 2015:''' [http://www.moneylife.in/article/will-mini-micro-solar-remain-a-toy-for-the-middle-class-and-rich-in-india/40795.html Will mini-micro solar remain a toy for the middle-class and rich in India?] - ''Moneylife''
 
*[[Media:Explaining_Low_Use_Gujarat-November_2012.pdf|Explaining the Unexpectedly Low Use of Solar Cookers in Gujarat, India]] - ''[[Girja Sharan]] and [[Raju Pandya]]''
 
*[[Media:Explaining_Low_Use_Gujarat-November_2012.pdf|Explaining the Unexpectedly Low Use of Solar Cookers in Gujarat, India]] - ''[[Girja Sharan]] and [[Raju Pandya]]''
 
* [[Enhancing the acceptance of solar cooking in India]]
 
* [[Enhancing the acceptance of solar cooking in India]]
 
*'''July 2006:''' [[Media:Granada06_Sathyavathi_Muthu.pdf|Integrated Approach for Promoting Solar Cookers in Rural Areas of Tamil Nadu]] - ''Dr. [[Sathyavathi Muthu]] and Ms. [[G. Anuradha]]''
 
*'''July 2006:''' [[Media:Granada06_Sathyavathi_Muthu.pdf|Integrated Approach for Promoting Solar Cookers in Rural Areas of Tamil Nadu]] - ''Dr. [[Sathyavathi Muthu]] and Ms. [[G. Anuradha]]''
  +
*'''July 2006:''' [[Media:Granada06_mamata_dutta.pdf|Dissemination of Solar Cooker Information]] - ''[[Mamata Dutta]]''
  +
*'''July 2006:''' [[Media:Granada06_sudha_mahalingam.pdf|Sustainable Energy Policies for Promotion of Solar Cookers in India]] - ''[[Sudha Mahalingam]]''
 
*[[Media:An_Analysis_of_Solar_Cooker_Usage,_Bashir_Ahmad,_11-12.pdf|An Analysis of Solar Cooker Usage - ''Bashir Ahmad'']]
 
*[[Media:An_Analysis_of_Solar_Cooker_Usage,_Bashir_Ahmad,_11-12.pdf|An Analysis of Solar Cooker Usage - ''Bashir Ahmad'']]
 
* [[Solar cooker dissemination and cultural variables]]
 
* [[Solar cooker dissemination and cultural variables]]
   
 
==Resources==
 
==Resources==
 
 
===Blogs===
 
===Blogs===
 
* http://rudrasolarcooker.blogspot.com
 
* http://rudrasolarcooker.blogspot.com
Line 98: Line 103:
 
*[[GEF Small Grants Programme]]
 
*[[GEF Small Grants Programme]]
 
*See also general guidance on [[raising funds through grants and donations]]
 
*See also general guidance on [[raising funds through grants and donations]]
  +
  +
===Photographs===
  +
*'''August 2008:''' [http://picasaweb.google.com/manisha.javeri/IndiaSolarEnergyProject A large collection of photographs of solar cooking devices at the Muni Ashram]
   
 
===Reports===
 
===Reports===
  +
*{{NewMay15}}'''June 2015:''' [http://cleancookstoves.org/about/news/05-05-2015-women-spend-374-hours-each-year-collecting-firewood-in-india-study-finds.html Women Spend 374 Hours Each Year Collecting Firewood in India, Study Finds] - ''[[Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves]]''
  +
  +
*'''August 2014:''' [[Media:Increase-in-coal-tax-will-scale-up-indian-renewables.pdf|Increase in coal tax will scale up indian renewables]] - ''[[Pallav Purohit]]''
  +
  +
*'''August 2014:''' [[Media:SCI_news_1.pdf|ARUN®100 Installation at Akshardham Temple, New Delhi]] - ''[[Ajay Chandak]]''
  +
*'''August 2014:''' [[Media:SCI_news_2.pdf|ARUN®100 with Thermal Storage at Ramkrishna Mission, Chennai]] - ''[[Ajay Chandak]]''
  +
  +
*'''June 2014:''' [[Media:A_new_turn_toward_solar_cooking.pdf| A (new) cultural turn toward solar cooking—Evidence from six case studies across India and Burkina Faso]] - ''[[Pia Otte]]''
  +
  +
*[http://www.pen.net.in/website/SOLAR%20TEA%20%20ARTICLE.pdf Aspects of Solar Air Pre-heating in South Indian Tea Factories] - [http://www.pen.net.in/index.php ''Planters Energy Network'']
  +
 
*'''November 2012:''' [[Media:Explaining_Low_Use_Gujarat-November_2012.pdf|Explaining the Unexpectedly Low Use of Solar Cookers in Gujarat, India]] - ''[[Girja Sharan]] and [[Raju Pandya]]''
 
*'''November 2012:''' [[Media:Explaining_Low_Use_Gujarat-November_2012.pdf|Explaining the Unexpectedly Low Use of Solar Cookers in Gujarat, India]] - ''[[Girja Sharan]] and [[Raju Pandya]]''
   
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===Articles in the media===
 
===Articles in the media===
*'''June 2013:''' [http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/ahmedabad/Go-solar-for-healthier-food/articleshow/20451145.cms 'Go solar for healthier food'] - ''The Times of India''
+
*{{NewApr15}}'''April 2015:''' [http://www.solarthermalworld.org/content/india-prince-offers-solar-cooking-workshops-new-entrepreneurs India: PRINCE Offers Solar Cooking Workshops for New Entrepreneurs] - ''Global Solar Thermal Energy Council''
  +
*{{NewMar15}}'''March 2015:''' [http://www.moneylife.in/article/will-mini-micro-solar-remain-a-toy-for-the-middle-class-and-rich-in-india/40795.html Will mini-micro solar remain a toy for the middle-class and rich in India?] - ''Moneylife''
  +
*'''March 2015:''' [http://www.telegraphindia.com/1150309/jsp/odisha/story_7594.jsp#.VP2_RSnEhtc Fair Glow in Solar Energy] - ''The Telegraph''
  +
*'''February 2015:''' [http://www.economist.com/news/leaders/21642172-narendra-modi-should-learn-chinas-mistakes-its-too-late-indian-winter?fsrc=scn/fb/te/pe/ed/indianwinter Pollution in India and China: Indian winter] - ''The Economist''
  +
*'''January 2015:''' [http://gulfnews.com/news/world/india/children-to-learn-about-clean-solar-cookers-on-festival-day-1.1441341 Children to learn about clean solar cookers on festival day] - ''gulfnews.com''
  +
*'''January 2015:''' [http://www.moneylife.in/article/healthy-food-via-solar-cooker/40135.html Healthy food via solar cooker] - ''Moneylife''
  +
*'''August 2014:''' [http://freepressjournal.in/keshav-srushti-opens-maha-suryakumbh Keshav Srushti opens ‘Maha Suryakumbh’] - '' The FREE PRESS Journal''
  +
*'''February 2014:''' [http://www.iede.co.uk/news/2014_4033/sun-smiles-cold-desert Sun Smiles on a Cold Desert] - ''Independent European Daily Express''
  +
*'''November 2013:''' [http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Coimbatore/more-schools-in-coimbatore-to-get-solar-cookers/article5367329.ece More Indian schools to get solar cookers] - ''The Hindu''
  +
*'''August 2013:''' [http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Coimbatore/solar-cooking-technology/article5025347.ece Solar cooking technology] - ''The Hindu''
  +
*'''June 2013:''' [http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/ahmedabad/Go-solar-for-healthier-food/articleshow/20451145.cms Go solar for healthier food'] - ''The Times of India''
 
*'''April 2013:''' Vintage Visakha organized a demonstration of solar cooking at its office at Abidnagar. [http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Visakhapatnam/solar-cooking-demo-held/article4576802.ece Solar cooking demo held] - ''The Hindu''
 
*'''April 2013:''' Vintage Visakha organized a demonstration of solar cooking at its office at Abidnagar. [http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Visakhapatnam/solar-cooking-demo-held/article4576802.ece Solar cooking demo held] - ''The Hindu''
 
*'''March 2013:''' [http://newindianexpress.com/cities/kochi/article1509808.ece Solar City on the beam] - ''The New Indian Express''
 
*'''March 2013:''' [http://newindianexpress.com/cities/kochi/article1509808.ece Solar City on the beam] - ''The New Indian Express''
 
*'''November 2012:''' [http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/delhi/Sun-fuels-hearth-at-Akshardham/articleshow/17273109.cms Sun fuels hearth at Akshardham] - ''The Times of India''
 
*'''November 2012:''' [http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/delhi/Sun-fuels-hearth-at-Akshardham/articleshow/17273109.cms Sun fuels hearth at Akshardham] - ''The Times of India''
  +
*'''August 2012:''' [http://urvishdave.wordpress.com/2012/08/01/indias-first-unique-green-ashram-at-the-solar-capital-of-india-gujarat-a-model-multiplier-for-renewable-energy-and-sustainable-community INDIA’s FIRST & UNIQUE “GREEN ASHRAM” at the Solar Capital of India GUJARAT – A model & multiplier for Renewable energy and Sustainable Community] - ''urvishdave''
 
*'''October 2012:''' [http://www.aajkikhabar.com/en/News/Human-Interest/Major-Indian-pilgrimage-centres-going-green/705458.html Major Indian pilgrimage centres going green] - ''AAJKI KABAR''
 
*'''October 2012:''' [http://www.aajkikhabar.com/en/News/Human-Interest/Major-Indian-pilgrimage-centres-going-green/705458.html Major Indian pilgrimage centres going green] - ''AAJKI KABAR''
 
*'''June 2012:''' [http://www.dnaindia.com/india/report_gujarat-septuagenarian-taps-solar-power_1698393 Gujarat septuagenarian taps solar power] - ''Daily News and Analysis''
 
*'''June 2012:''' [http://www.dnaindia.com/india/report_gujarat-septuagenarian-taps-solar-power_1698393 Gujarat septuagenarian taps solar power] - ''Daily News and Analysis''
Line 149: Line 169:
 
*'''June 2008:''' [http://www.expressindia.com/latest-news/Kitchen-for-poor-kids-go-hightech-in-state-homes/320116/ Kitchen for poor kids go high-tech (solar) in state homes] - ''Express India''
 
*'''June 2008:''' [http://www.expressindia.com/latest-news/Kitchen-for-poor-kids-go-hightech-in-state-homes/320116/ Kitchen for poor kids go high-tech (solar) in state homes] - ''Express India''
 
*'''June 2008:''' [http://www.thaindian.com/newsportal/uncategorized/gujarat-industry-opposes-fuel-price-hikes_10056806.html Gujarat industry opposed fuel price hikes] - ''Thaindian News''
 
*'''June 2008:''' [http://www.thaindian.com/newsportal/uncategorized/gujarat-industry-opposes-fuel-price-hikes_10056806.html Gujarat industry opposed fuel price hikes] - ''Thaindian News''
*'''March 2008:''' [http://saicampustimes.blogspot.com/2008/03/rewriting-books-in-ladakh.html Rewriting the Books in Ladakh] - ''Cultural Survival Quarterly''
+
*'''March 2008:''' [https://archive.is/20121210052544/saicampustimes.blogspot.com/2008/03/rewriting-books-in-ladakh.html Rewriting the Books in Ladakh] - ''Cultural Survival Quarterly''
 
*'''March 2008:''' [http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2008-03/uoc--bcp032008.php Black carbon pollution emerges as major player in global warming] - ''Scripps Institution of Oceanography''
 
*'''March 2008:''' [http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2008-03/uoc--bcp032008.php Black carbon pollution emerges as major player in global warming] - ''Scripps Institution of Oceanography''
 
*'''February 2008:''' [http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/Columnists/Jaideep_Mishra_Tax_and_Petroleum/articleshow/2778183.cms Fiscal policy to act as a tool to lighten the oil shock] - ''The Economic Times''
 
*'''February 2008:''' [http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/Columnists/Jaideep_Mishra_Tax_and_Petroleum/articleshow/2778183.cms Fiscal policy to act as a tool to lighten the oil shock] - ''The Economic Times''
Line 158: Line 178:
 
*'''March 2007:''' [http://www.newbuilder.co.uk/news/NewsFullStory.asp?ID=1870 Solar cookers save Indian emissions] - ''NDTV.com''
 
*'''March 2007:''' [http://www.newbuilder.co.uk/news/NewsFullStory.asp?ID=1870 Solar cookers save Indian emissions] - ''NDTV.com''
   
  +
===Audio and video===
  +
*'''February 2015:'''
  +
::[[File:12TH FEB DD NEWS METRO SCAN MUMBAI.|thumb|none|400 px|News story four minutes into the video showing thousands of students solar cooking at the Maha Suryakumbha event in January 2015.]]
   
===Audio and Video===
+
*'''July 2014:'''
[[File:Suryakumbha World's Largest Solar Cooking Workshop|thumb|left|400 px|School children learn about solar cooking in January 2013.]]
+
::[[File:McGilligan Empowering young Rural and Tribal women with Solar Cookers|thumb|none|400 px]]
   
[[File:Square Parabolic Solar Cooker|thumb|left|400 px|[[Goldin Bennet]] of the
+
*'''January 2014:'''
  +
::[[File:Mumbai solar cooking record story|thumb|none|400px]]
  +
  +
*'''December 2013:'''
  +
::[[File:Suryakumbha|thumb|none|400px|On 19th January 2013, 2044 children from 107 schools participated in this historical event wherein trained by 206 trainers and 45 supervisors, they built their own solar ovens and cooked 400 kg of Sabudana Khichadi in it. This is the video summary of the same.]]
  +
  +
*'''May 2013:'''
  +
::[[File:Square Parabolic Solar Cooker|thumb|none|400 px|[[Goldin Bennet]] of the
 
Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering National Institute of
 
Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering National Institute of
 
Technology Tiruchirapalli, shows how they have fabricated a parabolic solar cooker using small square panels in 2013.]]
 
Technology Tiruchirapalli, shows how they have fabricated a parabolic solar cooker using small square panels in 2013.]]
{{clr}}
+
[[Video:Haybox_Easy_cooker|400px|left]]
+
*'''February 2010:'''
{|
+
::[[File:Haybox_Easy_cooker|400px|none]]
|-
+
|[[File:The Smokeless Village|425px]]
+
*'''February 2010:'''
|'''June 2006:''' Video showing the Smokeless Village where all inhabitants cook with solar cookers
+
::[[File:Solar Cookers in India, Global Ideas|thumb|none|400px|[[Deepak Gadhia]]'s efforts promoting various solar powered projects]]
|}
+
[[Video:Solar Cookers in India, Global Ideas|left|425px]]
+
*'''September 2007:'''
[[Deepak Gadhia]]'s efforts promoting various solar powered projects.
+
::[[File:The Smokeless Village|thumb|none|400px|News report showing the Smokeless Village where all inhabitants cook with solar cookers]]
{{clr}}
 
   
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
Line 182: Line 205:
 
===Indian solar cooking blogs===
 
===Indian solar cooking blogs===
 
*[http://drjagadeeshncda.blogspot.com/ Anumakonda Jagadeesh blogspot]
 
*[http://drjagadeeshncda.blogspot.com/ Anumakonda Jagadeesh blogspot]
 
 
{{CountryContacts}}
 
{{CountryContacts}}
+
==References==
===Gallery of manufacturers and vendors===
+
<references />
<gallery>
 
Image:Wpaqhd29.jpg|[[Sun Shine Energy]]
 
Image: Wpiob468.jpg|[[Sun Shine Energy]]
 
Image:Fair_Fabricators_small.jpg|[[Fair Fabricators]]
 
Image:Tulsi.jpg|[[Rohitas Electronics]]
 
Image:PrinceIndia.jpg|[[Prince India]]
 
Image:Tinytech_Plants.jpg|[[Tinytech Plants]]</gallery>
 
 
[[Category:South Asia]]
 
[[Category:South Asia]]
 
[[Category:Asia]]
 
[[Category:Asia]]
 
[[Category:Countries]]
 
[[Category:Countries]]
 
[[Category:Countries with the greatest solar cooking potential]]
 
[[Category:Countries with the greatest solar cooking potential]]
  +
[[Category:India]]

Latest revision as of 23:26, June 4, 2015

Last updated: May 30, 2015      
Worlds Largest Solar Cooking Class08:33

Worlds Largest Solar Cooking Class

2,044 middle school students learn to prepare lunch with solar cooking.

  • January 2013: World's largest solar cooking class takes place in India - On January 19, 2013, middle school students gathered on the grounds of JES College in Jalna, India to be trained in the use of a simple solar panel cooker. After a quick breakfast, and guidance from 205 trainers, a record-breaking 2,044 students assembled their own solar cooker and placed prepared ingredients inside to cook. After speaker presentations, they were able to enjoy the lunch they had cooked themselves. This event, sponsored by Simplified Technology for Life, demonstrates that India is quite serious about introducing solar cooking to young students. Ajay Chandak reports that included in the Indian government's five-year plan for 2012 through 2016, 30,000 million INR (approx. $600,000,000USD) is budgeted for solar cooking instruction in 500,000 schools.

EventsEdit

See also: Global Calendar of Events and Past events in India

Most significant solar cooking projectsEdit

Shirdi roof collector array

Shirdi roof collector array

Shirdi collector diagram

Shirdi collector array diagram

Shirdi cooking photo

Cooking in the kitchen at Shirdi

  • April 2010: Gadhia Solar Energy Systems Pvt. Ltd. recently completed installation of an enormous solar steam cooking system, capable of cooking 40,000-50,000 meals per day. It is located at Shirdi Saibaba temple in Shirdi, Maharashtra, India. With nearly 30,000 visitors each day, the temple’s dining halls are some of the largest in India. The solar steam cooking system is comprised of seventy-three rooftop-mounted Scheffler reflectors of sixteen square meters each. The dishes concentrate sunlight on receivers that contain water, generating steam that is piped down to the kitchen for cooking purposes. To maintain constant focus with the sun, the dishes automatically rotate throughout the day after being manually aligned once each morning. The solar steam cooking system is retrofitted to existing liquid petroleum gas-powered steam boilers that are still used in the evening and during prolonged periods of inclement weather. Though the solar steam cooking system cost nearly $300,000, government subsidies reduced the temple’s portion to about $170,000. Liquid petroleum gas use has been cut by roughly 100,000 kilograms each year, for an annual savings of approximately $45,000. The temple should recoup its investment in three to four years. According to company founder Deepak Gadhia, the solar steam cooking technology was originally developed in Germany. However, the equipment does not contain imported components and is manufactured with local machinery and labor, creating much-needed jobs. Gadhia has adapted the system for use in India, and has installed 50 such systems of varying sizes over the past two decades. The March edition of CNN’s Eco Solutions program highlights the Shirdi Saibaba temple solar steam cooking system.

News and recent developmentsEdit

Chennai school 1

Solar energy concentrator at Ramakrishna Mission’s Students’ Home

  • Investment brings large-scale solar cooking to Chennai school for orphans and underprivileged boys - Starting in 2013, a partnership between the UNDP, India's Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, and the Global Environment Facility, led to a project to install an ARUN®100 solar concentrator at the Ramakrishna Mission’s Students’ Home. The system provides enough energy to cook 3,000 meals per day and reduces LPG consumption by half, which leads to a savings of US$8,000 per year. Read more...
Janak McGilligan

Janak McGilligan

  • February 2015: India’s Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) is inviting comments on its Draft Solar Policy - Sunday, March 1, 2015 will be the deadline for comments. The ten-page document, available here, outlines some of the government department’s thinking. “The Nodal Agency shall take necessary action to proliferate its application in feasible sectors including residential (solar water heaters, solar cookers, indoor air heating etc.), commercial & industrial sector (solar cooling, solar air dryers, large scale solar water heaters, large scale solar cooking utilizing solar concentrator technology, process heating etc.).” Read more...
Keshav Srushti 1

Thousands of students gather in Mumbai, India for a record-breaking solar cooking event.

  • January 2015: 15,000 students in Mumbai solar cook and set world-record - 15,000 students from 80 schools in Mumbai, India set a new world-record for the largest ever solar cooking gathering organized by Keshav Srushti. Each student was given a solar cooker and taught how to use it as part of a national campaign to spread awareness of the importance of solar technology. C Vidyasagar Rao, governor of Maharashtra and Ashish Shelar, minister of state, Power, Coal & New Renewable Energy, attended the record-setting gathering. Read more at: Over 15,000 students create a new world-record in solar cooking
  • January 2015: Annual Maha SuryaKumba reaches for a lofty goal - The Bhayander based NGO, Keshav Srushti, is committed to spreading awareness of solar cooking. Under the banner of Maha SuryaKumba, they will be gathering students from 500 schools across Mumbai in Bhayander,India, and then will be taking the festival to remote tribal villages. Hoping this year reach the magic number of 100,000 solar-powered prepared meals! Keshav Srushti has been accredited by the Guinness Book of World Records for having conducted the largest solar oven cooking class in January 2014 with 3,639 participants from 62 schools. The new goal of reaching so many students from remote areas will require financial support beyond the means of Keshav Srushti. Please contact Keshav Srushti If you can help, it will be appreciated. The NGO has announced there will now be an annual Maha SuryaKumba held on January 15th. More information...
  • September 2014: Bhubaneswar: The state government will provide solar chullahs to 500 households inside Satkosia Wildlife Sanctuary. This was done to reduce load on firewood, which the villagers collect from the sanctuary. There are around 5,000 households in the reserve, but initially 10% will be provided with the solar cooking device. The panchayati raj and forest departments will jointly conduct survey to identify the families to be given the chullah. A private party will donate the chullahs to the forest department. - Read more... - Times of India
ARUN 100 at Akshardham, 8-12-14

The ARUN 100 solar cooking array at the Akshardham Temple, New Delhi, India.

  • August 2014: International solar cooking expert, Ajay Chandak, has written about the recent installation of steam generating solar cooking systems at The Akshardham Temple located in New Delhi and at the Ram Krishna Mission Student’s Home, Mylapore, Chennai. The Akshardham Temple system is now able to serve 2,000 - 3,000 meals on a clear sunny day, saving approximately 30 to 50 scm of PNG each day in operation. MNRE has partly funded this installation and Clique Solar has manufactured and installed the system. The system at the Ram Krishna Mission Student’s Home as been adapted with the ability to store the excess heat generated mid-day to be able to cook very early in the day and after sunset. Read his reports: ARUN®100 Installation at Akshardham Temple, New Delhi and ARUN®100 with Thermal Storage at Ramkrishna Mission, Chennai - Ajay Chandak
  • August 2014: A Bhayander based NGO, Keshav Srushti, in a bid to spread awareness on solar cooking, will be gathering students from 500 schools across Mumbai to cook solar-powered dishes. Keshav Srushti has been accredited by the Guinness Book of World Records for having conducted the largest solar oven cooking class in January 2014 with 3639 participants from 62 schools. Invigorated by the success, the NGO has announced an annual Maha Suryakumbh on January 15, 2015, is aiming to reach 25,000 schools students. More information...
  • April 2014:
    Indore Solar Food Processing Network article April 2014
  • March 2014: Rural schools receive solar cooking sysytems - Ajay Chandak wants to update the solar cooking community that a Scheffler Community Kitchen has been installed and tested at the Aapla Ghar school for homeless rural children located in Naldurg, India. After cooking their first meal on this solar system the students and management were more than happy. He brings particular attention and notice of appreciation to the local M.P. Dr. Ashok Ganguly, who arranged financing of the project through their M.P fund, contributing $23,000 USD to the project. Also, another Scheffler system is to be opened soon at an orphanage located in Dhule.
  • February 2014: The Jawahar Navodiya Vidyalya school is saving $23,000 in annual fuel costs - The residential school Jawahar Navodiya Vidyalya located in Ladakh, India appreciates having their solar cooking system, which is saving them $23,000 USD in annual fuel costs. More than 570 students and staff members are served daily meals. "It is not only very easy to operate, but it provides us [with] hot water for washing the dishes in the cold season," says Tashi, one of the kitchen staff. The arid desert region is known as the "land of high passes". Previously, remote areas like this one have had to rely on kerosene and firewood for heating and cooking, and considerable money was being spent simply getting kerosene delivered. Read more... - Asia Times Online
  • January 2014: School in North Coimbatore begins solar cooking mid-day meals Two PRINCE - 40 institutional parabolic solar cookers will soon be cooking noon meals for students at a school in North Coimbatore. Each PRINCE unit (designed by Professor Ajay Chandak) costs 68,000 Indian rupees ($1,000 USD) and includes a 35-liter (32 quart) pressure cooker. The first two units will be used on a test basis. If successful, the municipality will order PRINCE cookers for all sixteen schools in the region. The Indian National Ministry of New and Renewable Energy provides a sixty percent subsidy for the solar cookers, which will cut expenses by reducing the consumption of LPG and wood. On December 9, 2013 Professor Ajay Chandak, a global leader in the solar thermal cooking sector, was elected to the Board of Directors of the International Solar Energy Society (ISES). Chandak will represent "Solar Heating and Cooling". ISES is a UN-accredited NGO that is active in over 110 countries.
Mumbai largest solar cooking class, 17-14

As many as 3,484 children from over 80 schools participated in the world's largest solar cooking class in Mumbai, India.

  • January 2014: India raises the bar for the world's largest solar cooking class - "As many as 3,484 children from over 80 schools participated in the largest solar cooking initiative Suryakumbh on January 4th, which has qualified as an entry to the Guinness Book of World Records. The emergence of renewable sources of energy as an answer to the imminent exhaustion of conventional energy sources pushed a Bhayander NGO, Keshav Srushti, to start with the most influential members of society, children." - dna The class was held in Mumbai, India. Read more...
Scheffler reflector, girl&#039;s hostel in Jaipur, 12-16-13

A Scheffler reflector used in the solar cooking systems installed in Jaipur, India.

See older news...

The history of solar cooking in IndiaEdit

India, Asia's second largest country, next to China, has also the second largest number of solar cookers. The situation in India is more complex than that of China. More is also known about Indian programs. The Third World Conference on Solar Cooking was held in India, permitting the history and progress of solar the technology's uses to become better known around the world.

An official government report informs the reader that the Ministry of Non-Conventional Energy Sources (MNES), Government of India, was established in 1982, first as a Department and later as a Ministry. The Ministry's mandate extends well beyond solar cooking, including fuel efficient wood and charcoal stoves, power from other renewable sources, energy from industrial wastes, research and development in a number of related fields (photovoltaics, biogas, and pollution prevention, for example). MNES began seriously to promote solar cooking in the early 80s, with an initial focus almost entirely on the box cooker.

The population of India is roughly 70% rural. MNES states that "cooking accounts for a major share of the total energy consumption in rural homes (Singhal, correspondence, 2003, p. 1). Sources of that energy are largely fuelwood, animal dung, or crop residues, all of which emit smoke, pollute the atmosphere, and are deterimental to health and safety of family members, particularly women. Fuelwood is become scarcer each year. FAO data show that 21.6% of the Indian land mass is forested, and conservation efforts are in place to reverse previous loss. The effort is affected by the large and dense population and a slowing but still substantial birth rate (continuing to increase at 1.7% per annum, or 17% in a decade). Solar cooking has been viewed as one way to alleviate a number of India's problems and as such was supported by government efforts.

The Press Bureau of the Government of India reported in 2007 that there are 525,000 solar cookers installed in India.[1] The Press Bureau also reported in 2003 that, "The solar cooker programme has been expanded by introducing new designs for community use. Three solar steam cooking systems based on automatic tracking concentrating collective technology for cooking food for 600-3,000 people per day, and one system based on ‘Solar Bowl’ technology, have been installed. World's largest solar steam cooking system has been installed at Tirumala Tirupati. The system is designed to cook two meals for 15,000 persons in one day. Another system for 2,000 people was erected at Brahmakumaris Ashram in Gurgaon in July, 2002. Three community cookers for indoor cooking have been installed at a training hostel and an NGO’s establishment in Leh. In all, six such systems have been installed under the MNES demonstration scheme. A total of 500 dish solar cookers and 60 community solar cookers have been installed so far."[2]

Archived articlesEdit

Culture and economicsEdit

Solar Cookers International has rated India as the #1 country worldwide for solar cooking potential. In the year 2020, the estimated number of people in India who will suffer from fuel scarcity is 157,400,000, but these people will continue to have ample access to the sun. In December 2007, the Indian Government instituted a program of rebates on various renewable energy devices including solar cookers. Solar cooking has even been recommended in the Rig Veda, a sacred Hindu text, stating: "All edibles ripened or cooked in the sun’s rays change into super medicine, the amrita."

India Solar Resource map, 12-3-12

India Solar Resource Map provided by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory


Fuels used for cookingEdit

URBAN SECTOR

  • LPG (47.96%)
  • Firewood (22.74%)
  • Kerosene (19.16%) and
  • Other fuels(10.14)

RURAL SECTOR

  • Firewood (64.10%)
  • Other sources of biomass – crop residue (13.10%)
  • Cow‐dung (12.80%), and
  • LPG (5.67%) is now increasing in importance. [1]

In a February 7th, 2015 article, The Economist reported that there are roughly 1 million deaths in India each year due to cooking fires[2].

Fuel subsidiesEdit

The Economic Times of India reports:

While 300 million people live below poverty line, making do with energy inefficient dung cakes, twigs and branches, and occasional bits of coal, the urban middle class and the rural rich are splurging on cheap petrol and diesel and even cheaper kerosene and liquified petroleum gas.
The subsidy is massive - hidden by a disingenuous device called oil bonds. Here are some rock solid facts. IOC, HPCL and BPCL are currently losing $137 million a day (i.e., Rs 582 crore per day at Rs 42.50 = $1). They lose Rs 16.34 for each litre of petrol, and Rs 23.49 for each litre of diesel sold in Delhi.
The subsidy on kerosene at Rs 28.72 per litre is over three times the current retail price; and the subsidy on a cylinder of cooking gas at Rs 306 per cylinder exceeds the retail price. The total under-recovery for the oil marketing companies for 2006-07 was over $19 billion. With oil prices touching $135, under-recoveries can be $50 billion this year, unless retail prices are substantially increased.[3]

The Telegraph (UK) reported in September 2013 that, "Food and fuel subsidies are gobbling up much of the budget, while investment atrophies."[4]

Solar cooking already has a significant presense in India, especially with large scale projects, but the potential remains for its use to still significantly replace the use of conventioal fuels. 

Cultural acceptanceEdit

In a report presented during the Asian Clean Energy Forum in June 2008, Soma Dutta, Asia Regional Network Coordinator for the Amsterdam-based ENERGIA International Network on Gender and Sustainable Energy, states that only 45% of India’s 70% rural population have access to electricity, and over 80 percent still rely on firewood as their primary cooking fuel, the gathering of which is a responsibility that almost always falls to the women and girls in a society. The long hours and significant effort spent simply gathering firewood leaves them little time for education or employment. [5]

Introductions of new technologies fail in villages for many reasons, but most commonly due to a lack of knowledge and understanding of local cultural customs. Solar cooking has often suffered this fate despite the purported cost savings because it is not introduced in a way that suited the lifestyles of the individuals using it.

A solar stove is most powerful at the times of the strongest sunlight, which is mid-day and early afternoon. As in many agricultural populations, village farmers in India consume their biggest meals by early to mid-morning and then again late at night, after the sun has set. In addition, certain solar stoves are not conducive to Indian-style cooking which is done mostly with oil (with the exception of rice) and requires frequent temperature manipulation as well as stirring and flipping which was is difficult with many solar cookers.[6]

While technical constraints limit the types of solar cookers likely to be widely adopted in India, there is historic precedent for solar cooking in Indian culture. A passage in ancient Vedic texts state, " Sun cooked food improves cellular health and longevity of life. It strengthens health and mind removes three major physical disorders to do with digestion, blood and respiratory system, balances inner body temperatures, life, glows aura and keeps various obstacles away. Sun cooked food has great medicinal value. It enhances intellect, genius." ' Rig Veda'. - Reference from the princeindia.org website. See: PRINCE

See alsoEdit

ResourcesEdit

BlogsEdit

Possible funders of solar cooking projects in IndiaEdit

PhotographsEdit

ReportsEdit

Articles in the mediaEdit

Audio and videoEdit

  • February 2015:
12TH FEB DD NEWS METRO SCAN MUMBAI05:59

12TH FEB DD NEWS METRO SCAN MUMBAI.

News story four minutes into the video showing thousands of students solar cooking at the Maha Suryakumbha event in January 2015.

  • July 2014:
McGilligan Empowering young Rural and Tribal women with Solar Cookers09:28

McGilligan Empowering young Rural and Tribal women with Solar Cookers

  • January 2014:
Mumbai solar cooking record story02:43

Mumbai solar cooking record story

  • December 2013:
Suryakumbha10:00

Suryakumbha

On 19th January 2013, 2044 children from 107 schools participated in this historical event wherein trained by 206 trainers and 45 supervisors, they built their own solar ovens and cooked 400 kg of Sabudana Khichadi in it. This is the video summary of the same.

  • May 2013:
Square Parabolic Solar Cooker02:52

Square Parabolic Solar Cooker

Goldin Bennet of the Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering National Institute of Technology Tiruchirapalli, shows how they have fabricated a parabolic solar cooker using small square panels in 2013.

  • February 2010:
Haybox Easy cooker02:33

Haybox Easy cooker

  • February 2010:
Solar Cookers in India, Global Ideas06:43

Solar Cookers in India, Global Ideas

Deepak Gadhia's efforts promoting various solar powered projects

  • September 2007:
The Smokeless Village03:08

The Smokeless Village

News report showing the Smokeless Village where all inhabitants cook with solar cookers

External linksEdit

Indian solar cooking blogsEdit

India contactsEdit

Non-governmental organizations (NGOs)Edit

Government agenciesEdit

      Educational institutionsEdit

      IndividualsEdit

      Manufacturers and vendorsEdit

      See alsoEdit

      ReferencesEdit

      1. http://static2.wikia.nocookie.net/__cb20090624234723/solarcooking/images/8/8f/Performance_analysis_Solar_Parabolic_concentrator_for_cooking_applications_P._Rajamohan%2C_S._Shanmugan%2C_K._Ramanathan%2C_D._Mutharasu_%28January_2009%29.pdf
      2. http://www.economist.com/news/leaders/21642172-narendra-modi-should-learn-chinas-mistakes-its-too-late-indian-winter?fsrc=scn/fb/te/pe/ed/indianwinter

      ReferencesEdit

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