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{{Updated|11|17|14}}
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[[File:Haines_Solar_Cooker,_11-17-14.png|thumb|400px|The Haines Solar Cooker]]
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[[File:Haines_Solar_Cooker_in_production,_11-17-14.png|thumb|400px|The Haines Solar Cooker in production]]
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[[File:Haines_Solar_Cooker_with_cover,_11-17-14.png|thumb|400px|The wind screen in the open position.]]
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"Light, compact, durable and inexpensive" is the way Roger Haines of San Diego, {{state|California}}, [[USA]] describes his "open source" [[Haines Solar Cooker]]. For only $15 USD per cooker, entrepreneurs in Nairobi, [[Kenya]], and San Diego, California can buy materials to make Haines Cookers to sell for $36. Roger's Rotary Club distributed 291 solar cookers in Nairobi in 2013 and found that, on average, solar cooking saved $9 a month in firewood costs. So a $36 cooker will pay for itself in 4 months and yield a $9 profit every month thereafter. The buyer can "pay from the profit, not the pocket."
   
[[File:Haines_Cooker_(Side).jpg|right|300px]]
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Instead of cardboard and foil, the Haines reflector is made of MPET (metalized polyester) film bonded to 3mm of IXPE (cross-linked polyester) foam, with a white PET film backing. The reflective polyester will not oxidize, cannot be scratched off, and has a high melting point. Importantly, the new material is easy to recycle and is environmentally safe through the whole production and recycling process without pollution. In the U.S., this material is used to make high-end auto windshield sunshades that last more than 10 years.
[[File:Haines_Polycarbonate_Sleeve.jpg|thumb|300px|The '''Haines Polycarbonate Sleeve '''eliminates the nylon cooking bag commonly used in solar cooking.]]
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===The reflector===
[[File:Haines_Cooker_Template.jpg|thumb|450px]]
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The reflector is a 60 cm. x 120 cm. (2' x 4') rectangle of reflective material, with three cuts. Overlapping the cuts as shown produces a flat bottom and a parabolic shape, secured with a single brass fastener inserted through grommet holes. The cooker sits solidly on the ground and withstands strong winds when secured by a string passed through holes in the bottom of the cooker. When the sun is low, the front of the cooker can be tilted down to catch more sun.
[[File:Drawing_of_Haines_Cooker.jpg|thumb|450px|Assembly diagram for the Haines Cooker]]
 
The [[Haines Solar Cooker]] combines the power of a [[Funnel cooker]] with stability of the traditional [[CooKit]]. It has been designed by Roger Haines of San Diego, {{state|California}}, [[USA]]. The cooker is made in the USA from a mylar-coated reflective bubble insulation material that is sold "off-the shelf" at Lowe's Home Centers in 4-foot by 25-foot rolls.  The material can also be ordered on-line in the US under different brand names, and is also available in Europe, India and China.  The material is strong (Roger has driven his car over it without breaking the bubbles) and it is unaffected by boiling water.  The cooker is made from a single 48" by 48" rectangle of bubble material, and requires only three cuts with ordinary scissors for cooker assembly. In testing in San Diego, this cooker heated an empty pot to a sustained 380 degrees Fahrenheit (193 degrees Celsius) and heated a liter of water from room temperature to boiling in less than an hour.
 
   
The two curves of the cooker form an oval funnel that focuses the sun's rays on the cooking pot.  The base of the cooker should be anchored with rocks or bricks as shown in the photo. <span style="font-family: "Cambria","serif"; font-size: 11pt; mso-ascii-theme-font: major-latin; mso-fareast-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-hansi-theme-font: major-latin; mso-bidi-font-family: Arial; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: EN-US; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA;">On windy days, the bottom curve of the cooker can be prevented from being blown upward, by wrapping a circle of string around each side of the curve, and securing the string with the same brick or rock that is used to hold down the cooker.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes;">  Cutting off the corners of the bottom curve will also reduce wind problems without affecting the cooker's performance, </span></span>When the sun is high, the cut at the front bottom of the cooker can be overlapped and clipped together with a binder clip to form a kind of parabola to concentrate more sun on the cooking pot.
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===The cooking sleeve===
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[[File:2014_Cooking_sleeve.jpg|thumb|250px|Cooking sleeve for the Haines Solar Cooker]]
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Because disposable plastic "oven bags" are expensive and awkward, Roger designed a permanent "cooking sleeve" to insulate the cooking pot while keeping the lid accessible during cooking. The sleeve is a 6" x 48" rectangle of UV-resistant 0.5 mm. clear polycarbonate film. rolled into a cylinder that is adjustable to fit any round cooking pot that has a top rim and no handles. The top rim of the pot rests on the top rim of the cooking sleeve, elevating the pot so that the sun's rays can be reflected onto the bottom of the pot. Roger has found that a glass lid works best because it retains more heat.
   
The '''Haines Polycarbonate Sleeve '''eliminates the nylon cooking bag commonly used in solar cooking. This sleeve is a 6" x 36" rectangle of UV-stabilized  polycarbonate plastic film (.020"), such as Bayer Bayfol UV-1-72, or Lexan 8030, which is rolled into a cylinder to enclose the bottom and sides of the pot but not the top.  The cylinder is held together with jumbo paper clips, thus allowing its diameter to be adjusted to fit a variety of cooking pots  The pots must be round, with no handles, and must have a top rim that can rest on the top of the cylinder. The cylinder elevates the pot above the surface of the cooker, allowing the sun's rays to bounce off the reflective surface of the cooker and be absorbed by the bottom of the cooking pot. It also provides an insulating "greenhouse" making a traditional cooking bag unnecessary. Haines's testing indicates that a pot with a glass lid retains more heat than one with a metal lid.
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===The windscreen===
{{clr}}
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[[File:Haines_I_Windscreen_alone.jpg|thumb|250px|Haines Windscreen]]
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A circular windscreen keeps the reflector rigid in the wind and creates "oven-like" conditions around the cooking pot. The windscreen is made from a 30 cm. (2-foot) diameter circle of 0.5 mm (.020-inch) UV-resistant polycarbonate film. For increased rigidity, a radius cut is overlapped two inches to form a flat cone like a sun hat. The overlap is secured by a string connecting grommet holes in the windscreen and the reflector.
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To access the pot, the windscreen can be moved to the side, as shown in upper left of the photo.
   
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===Shipping and storage===
  +
[[File:Haines_Solar_Cooker_in_storage_bag,_11-17-14.png|thumb|250px|The cooker packed for storage or transport.]]
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For shipping and storage, the cooker rolls into a cylinder 60 cm (24") long and 10 cm. (4") in diameter, weighing 0.5 kg (1.1 lbs).
   
  +
==Recent news and developments==
  +
*'''November 2014:''' Solar Cooker Business Opportunity. Roger reports that a prominent Nairobi, [[Kenya]] building supply company is now selling materials to make "open source" Haines Solar Cookers for $15 per cooker in wholesale quantities of 50 or more. Contact Nishal Sodha at Global Hardware, Ltd., a subsidiary of Elgon-Kenya (http://www.globalhardware.co.ke), telephone: +254 20 2399998, +254 20 2399998/7. Cell: +254 786 456 225; E-Mail: nishal@globalhardware.co.ke. Finished cookers and training are available from [[Faustine Odaba]], director of the Nairobi NGO, [[NAREWAMA]]. Telephone: +254722828317; Email: [mailto:faustine_odaba@yahoo.com faustine_odaba@yahoo.com]. Materials for 500 cookers have been delivered to the Rotary Club of Gulu, [[Uganda]], and plans are being finalized on a partnership between Rotary and a prominent microcredit lender to provide $250,000 USD in microcredit loans to entrepreneurs to sell Haines "open source" Solar Cookers in Kenya.
   
==Kirkpatrick Solar Cooker (Kirk-ook) variation==
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==How to Make a Haines Solar Cooker==
[[File:Kirk-Cook_(L-Side)_(480x640).jpg|thumb|275px|The bottom reflector slots into the rear reflector of the Kirk-ook variation]]
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===Making the reflector===
[[File:Kirk-Cook_(Top)_(480x640).jpg|thumb|275px|Kirk-ook variation]]
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[[File:Haines_II_New_Template_001.jpg|thumb|300px|Template for version II]]
[[File:Kirk-Cook_(48x40).jpg|thumb|450px|Kirk-ook construction template]]
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[[File:Haines_Foam_Insualtion_Cooker_folded_open,_2-10-14.jpg|thumb|300px|Partially-assembled Haines reflector]]
Mark Evans Kirkpatrick has offered a modified, more efficient version known as the [[Kirk-ook]] for less than $4.20USD. He improved the design when conducting a [http://www.matchinggrants.org/district/project153.html joint project] between his Rotary Club,[http://sdcoastalrotary.org/ San Diego Coastal], and a [http://rotarysandiego.org/ Rotary District 5340] project partner. [http://www.matchinggrants.org/district/project153.html The project] consisted of 291 [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solar_cooker solar cookers], called "Rotary District 5340 Cookers" (Haines design) sent to the [http://www.clubrunner.ca/cprg/Bulletin/SendBulletinEmail.aspx?cid=9496 Nairobi Mashariki Rotary Club] of [http://www.rotaryeastafrica.org/index.asp District 9212 in Kenya].
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1. Make a template from a 60 cm. x 120 cm. rectangle of thin material using a saw to make 3 cuts, and drill 6 small holes "B" and "C" as shown.
  +
2. Lay a large piece of plywood on a table.
  +
3. To "guide" the material, attach a length of 2 cm. square wood to the plywood, exactly 60 cm from and parallel to the bottom edge, and another piece 124 cm. (four cm. longer than the 120 cm. template) from and parallel to the right edge of the plywood.
  +
4. Unroll 120 cm. of material onto the lower right-hand corner of the plywood, and line it up with the "guides
  +
5. Lay the template on top of the reflective material and line it up with the "guides." Use a utility knife ("box cutter") along the right side of the template to cut 120 cm. of material off the roll, and to make the three cuts along the bottom edge. This will cut grooves into the plywood, but that is okay.
  +
6. Use a black pen to MARK the 7 holes on the reflective material. Lift the template. Lay a small stiff template on the "fold" lines, and FOLD the material, allowing it to unfold.
  +
7. Move the material to another table, and use a grommet tool to install GROMMETS at the 7 marked places.
  +
8. Put a brass connector through the hole in short middle section, pointing up, and spread the two sides apart.
   
About the [[Kirk-ook]]: The [http://www.homedepot.com/p/Reflectix-4-ft-x-25-ft-Double-Reflective-Insulation-BP48025/100052556?N=19n#.UiYPTz8lKAo base reflector] is slotted through the [http://www.homedepot.com/p/Reflectix-4-ft-x-25-ft-Double-Reflective-Insulation-BP48025/100052556?N=19n#.UiYPTz8lKAo rear reflector] to provide more stability for the cooker in windy conditions (with less base material extended and more base material supported). The bottom-rear of the cooker can be supported with rocks as shown in the picture. By extending the sides you will create a [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wave-formed_ripple wave-formed ripple ]focusing more rays in the center for higher effectiveness (depending on the angle of the sun). Higher temperatures can be reached using a [http://www.reynoldskitchens.com/products/oven-bags/turkey-oven-bags/ turkey bag] around the pot & lid or split and covering the Kirk-ook on windy days (alleviating [http://www.solarcooker-at-cantinawest.com/cooking-in-the-wind-question-answer.html the effect from high winds known as wind chill]) . The [http://www.curbellplastics.com/technical-resources/pdf/polycarbonate-film-bayfol-UV1-7-2.pdf plastic film] can be coated with [http://www.bpf.co.uk/plastipedia/additives/default.aspx UV agents] to avoid discoloration and distortion. Alternate transparent plastics are being tested for higher heat resistance (*email suggestions). It is recommended using [http://www.walmart.com/ip/Office-Impressions-HEAVY-DUTY-BOX-SEALING-TAPE-2-X-55-YARDS-3-CORE-CLEAR-2-Pack/19487664?action=product_interest&action_type=title&placement_id=irs_top&strategy=PWVAV&visitor_id=47961395468&category=0%3A3944%3A546952%3A1046059%3A1065165&client_guid=68c5ab53-1bf2-4092-9ad9-6342678fa378&config_id=2&parent_item_id=14935484&guid=78f4bd0d-df12-464b-bf21-1ad18c1ec466&bucket_id=000&findingMethod=p13n clear packaging tape] to cover each area that is cut (easier when applied prior to cutting out the design) on each side of the cooker. Tape can also be added to other areas prone to wear-and-tear (mainly the latching triangles that connect the [http://www.homedepot.com/p/Reflectix-4-ft-x-25-ft-Double-Reflective-Insulation-BP48025/100052556?N=19n#.UiYPTz8lKAo base and rear relector]).
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===Making the windscreen===
{{clr}}
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[[File:Haines_Solar_Copoker,_windscreen_cutting_tool,_11-17-14.png|thumb|150px|Knife blade attached to windscreen cutting tool.]]
[[Category:Solar cooker designs]]
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[[File:Haines_Solar_Cooker,_cutting_the_windscreen,_11-17-14.png|thumb|150px|Cutting the circular windscreen.]]
[[Category:Solar panel cooker designs]]
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1. Cut a flat square or circle of plywood or fiberboard at least 65 cm. on a side.
[[Category:Solar panel cooker plans]]
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2. Put a nail through the exact center, so that the nail protrudes at least 3 cm.
[[Category:Solar cooker plans]]
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3. Take a 3 to 5 cm. square of wood, about 35 cm. long. Screw a box cutter blade to the end as shown. WARNING: put tape over the left part of the blade for safety.
  +
4. Drill a hole slightly bigger than the nail approx. 29.75 cm. from the blade.
  +
5. Take a sheet of 60 cm. x 120 cm. clear polycarbonate film. Treat as two 60 cm. squares, and drill a hole at the center of each 60 cm. square, the same size as the nail.
  +
6. Lay the polycarbonate sheet on top of the flat plywood, with the nail through one of the drilled holes.
  +
7. Put the piece of wood with the cutting blade on top of the sheet polycarbonate, with the nail through the hole in the wood and the cutting blade down.
  +
8. Press down on the wood so that the blade cuts into the polycarbonate, and rotate 360 degrees to cut a clean circle.
  +
9. Use scissors to make a "radius" cut from the edge to the center.
  +
10. NOTE: The sheets come with protective film on both sides. REMOVE this film now.
  +
11. Use the grommet tool to attach a grommet 1.5 cm. from the radius cut, a second grommet 6 cm. from the other side of the radius cut, and a third grommet 180 degrees opposite, on the other side of the circle.
  +
12. Tie 42 cm. lengths of braided string to the two opposite holes.
  +
  +
===Making the cooking sleeve===
  +
The cooking sleeves come ready-made as 16 cm. x 120 cm. sheets. However, the protective film on both sides must be removed.
  +
  +
==Early design prototype==
  +
[[File:Haines_Cooker_(Side).jpg|thumb|300px|Early version of the Haines Solar Cooker designed in 2013.]]
  +
The original Haines Solar Cooker was designed in 2013 by Roger Haines of San Diego, California USA. This first Haines cooker was made from reflective bubble insulation sold "off-the shelf" at Lowe's Home Centers in 4-foot by 25-foot rolls. The cooker was made from a single 48" by 48" rectangle of bubble material, and required only three cuts with ordinary scissors for cooker assembly.
   
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
*[[CooKit]]
+
*[[Roger Haines]]
 
*[[Windshield Shade Solar Cooker]]
 
*[[Windshield Shade Solar Cooker]]
   
 
==Contact==
 
==Contact==
 
{{See|Roger Haines}}
 
{{See|Roger Haines}}
 
Re: Kirk-ook
 
 
Mark Evans Kirkpatrick
 
 
E: [http://markevanskirkpatrick@gmail.com markevanskirkpatrick@gmail.com]
 
 
[[Category:Solar cooker designs]]
 
[[Category:Solar cooker designs]]
 
[[Category:Solar panel cooker designs]]
 
[[Category:Solar panel cooker designs]]
  +
[[Category:Solar cooker plans]]
 
[[Category:Solar panel cooker plans]]
 
[[Category:Solar panel cooker plans]]
[[Category:Solar cooker plans]]
 

Latest revision as of 20:29, November 17, 2014

Last updated: 17 November 2014      
Haines Solar Cooker, 11-17-14

The Haines Solar Cooker

Haines Solar Cooker in production, 11-17-14

The Haines Solar Cooker in production

Haines Solar Cooker with cover, 11-17-14

The wind screen in the open position.

"Light, compact, durable and inexpensive" is the way Roger Haines of San Diego, California, USA describes his "open source" Haines Solar Cooker. For only $15 USD per cooker, entrepreneurs in Nairobi, Kenya, and San Diego, California can buy materials to make Haines Cookers to sell for $36. Roger's Rotary Club distributed 291 solar cookers in Nairobi in 2013 and found that, on average, solar cooking saved $9 a month in firewood costs. So a $36 cooker will pay for itself in 4 months and yield a $9 profit every month thereafter. The buyer can "pay from the profit, not the pocket."

Instead of cardboard and foil, the Haines reflector is made of MPET (metalized polyester) film bonded to 3mm of IXPE (cross-linked polyester) foam, with a white PET film backing. The reflective polyester will not oxidize, cannot be scratched off, and has a high melting point. Importantly, the new material is easy to recycle and is environmentally safe through the whole production and recycling process without pollution. In the U.S., this material is used to make high-end auto windshield sunshades that last more than 10 years.

The reflectorEdit

The reflector is a 60 cm. x 120 cm. (2' x 4') rectangle of reflective material, with three cuts. Overlapping the cuts as shown produces a flat bottom and a parabolic shape, secured with a single brass fastener inserted through grommet holes. The cooker sits solidly on the ground and withstands strong winds when secured by a string passed through holes in the bottom of the cooker. When the sun is low, the front of the cooker can be tilted down to catch more sun.

The cooking sleeveEdit

2014 Cooking sleeve

Cooking sleeve for the Haines Solar Cooker

Because disposable plastic "oven bags" are expensive and awkward, Roger designed a permanent "cooking sleeve" to insulate the cooking pot while keeping the lid accessible during cooking. The sleeve is a 6" x 48" rectangle of UV-resistant 0.5 mm. clear polycarbonate film. rolled into a cylinder that is adjustable to fit any round cooking pot that has a top rim and no handles. The top rim of the pot rests on the top rim of the cooking sleeve, elevating the pot so that the sun's rays can be reflected onto the bottom of the pot. Roger has found that a glass lid works best because it retains more heat.

The windscreenEdit

Haines I Windscreen alone

Haines Windscreen

A circular windscreen keeps the reflector rigid in the wind and creates "oven-like" conditions around the cooking pot. The windscreen is made from a 30 cm. (2-foot) diameter circle of 0.5 mm (.020-inch) UV-resistant polycarbonate film. For increased rigidity, a radius cut is overlapped two inches to form a flat cone like a sun hat. The overlap is secured by a string connecting grommet holes in the windscreen and the reflector. To access the pot, the windscreen can be moved to the side, as shown in upper left of the photo.

Shipping and storageEdit

Haines Solar Cooker in storage bag, 11-17-14

The cooker packed for storage or transport.

For shipping and storage, the cooker rolls into a cylinder 60 cm (24") long and 10 cm. (4") in diameter, weighing 0.5 kg (1.1 lbs).

Recent news and developmentsEdit

  • November 2014: Solar Cooker Business Opportunity. Roger reports that a prominent Nairobi, Kenya building supply company is now selling materials to make "open source" Haines Solar Cookers for $15 per cooker in wholesale quantities of 50 or more. Contact Nishal Sodha at Global Hardware, Ltd., a subsidiary of Elgon-Kenya (http://www.globalhardware.co.ke), telephone: +254 20 2399998, +254 20 2399998/7. Cell: +254 786 456 225; E-Mail: nishal@globalhardware.co.ke. Finished cookers and training are available from Faustine Odaba, director of the Nairobi NGO, NAREWAMA. Telephone: +254722828317; Email: faustine_odaba@yahoo.com. Materials for 500 cookers have been delivered to the Rotary Club of Gulu, Uganda, and plans are being finalized on a partnership between Rotary and a prominent microcredit lender to provide $250,000 USD in microcredit loans to entrepreneurs to sell Haines "open source" Solar Cookers in Kenya.

How to Make a Haines Solar CookerEdit

Making the reflectorEdit

Haines II New Template 001

Template for version II

Haines Foam Insualtion Cooker folded open, 2-10-14

Partially-assembled Haines reflector

1. Make a template from a 60 cm. x 120 cm. rectangle of thin material using a saw to make 3 cuts, and drill 6 small holes "B" and "C" as shown. 2. Lay a large piece of plywood on a table. 3. To "guide" the material, attach a length of 2 cm. square wood to the plywood, exactly 60 cm from and parallel to the bottom edge, and another piece 124 cm. (four cm. longer than the 120 cm. template) from and parallel to the right edge of the plywood. 4. Unroll 120 cm. of material onto the lower right-hand corner of the plywood, and line it up with the "guides 5. Lay the template on top of the reflective material and line it up with the "guides." Use a utility knife ("box cutter") along the right side of the template to cut 120 cm. of material off the roll, and to make the three cuts along the bottom edge. This will cut grooves into the plywood, but that is okay. 6. Use a black pen to MARK the 7 holes on the reflective material. Lift the template. Lay a small stiff template on the "fold" lines, and FOLD the material, allowing it to unfold. 7. Move the material to another table, and use a grommet tool to install GROMMETS at the 7 marked places. 8. Put a brass connector through the hole in short middle section, pointing up, and spread the two sides apart.

Making the windscreenEdit

Haines Solar Copoker, windscreen cutting tool, 11-17-14

Knife blade attached to windscreen cutting tool.

Haines Solar Cooker, cutting the windscreen, 11-17-14

Cutting the circular windscreen.

1. Cut a flat square or circle of plywood or fiberboard at least 65 cm. on a side. 2. Put a nail through the exact center, so that the nail protrudes at least 3 cm. 3. Take a 3 to 5 cm. square of wood, about 35 cm. long. Screw a box cutter blade to the end as shown. WARNING: put tape over the left part of the blade for safety. 4. Drill a hole slightly bigger than the nail approx. 29.75 cm. from the blade. 5. Take a sheet of 60 cm. x 120 cm. clear polycarbonate film. Treat as two 60 cm. squares, and drill a hole at the center of each 60 cm. square, the same size as the nail. 6. Lay the polycarbonate sheet on top of the flat plywood, with the nail through one of the drilled holes. 7. Put the piece of wood with the cutting blade on top of the sheet polycarbonate, with the nail through the hole in the wood and the cutting blade down. 8. Press down on the wood so that the blade cuts into the polycarbonate, and rotate 360 degrees to cut a clean circle. 9. Use scissors to make a "radius" cut from the edge to the center. 10. NOTE: The sheets come with protective film on both sides. REMOVE this film now. 11. Use the grommet tool to attach a grommet 1.5 cm. from the radius cut, a second grommet 6 cm. from the other side of the radius cut, and a third grommet 180 degrees opposite, on the other side of the circle. 12. Tie 42 cm. lengths of braided string to the two opposite holes.

Making the cooking sleeveEdit

The cooking sleeves come ready-made as 16 cm. x 120 cm. sheets. However, the protective film on both sides must be removed.

Early design prototypeEdit

Haines Cooker (Side)

Early version of the Haines Solar Cooker designed in 2013.

The original Haines Solar Cooker was designed in 2013 by Roger Haines of San Diego, California USA. This first Haines cooker was made from reflective bubble insulation sold "off-the shelf" at Lowe's Home Centers in 4-foot by 25-foot rolls. The cooker was made from a single 48" by 48" rectangle of bubble material, and required only three cuts with ordinary scissors for cooker assembly.

See alsoEdit

ContactEdit

See Roger Haines.

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